Margot Kushel, MD

Professor of Medicine

Center for Vulnerable Populations, General Internal Medicine, General Internal Medicine ZSFG

Margot Kushel, MD is a Professor of Medicine in the Division of General Internal Medicine at Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital and Trauma Center and the Director of the UCSF Center for Vulnerable Populations. Margot's research focuses on reducing the burden of homelessness on health through examining efforts to prevent and end homelessness and mitigating the effects of housing instability on health care outcomes. She uses a variety of research methodologies with an aim towards informing the development of programs and policies to end homelessness via understanding the complex interactions between health and housing. She has a particular interest in homelessness in older adults and homelessness in medically complicated individuals. She is the PI of an NIA funded R01 that developed the HOPE HOME (Health Outcomes in Populations Experiencing Homelessness in Older Middle agE) cohort, an ongoing longitudinal cohort study examining the causes and effects of homelessness on adults aged 50 and over in Oakland, CA. She is the Co-PI (with Kelly Knight, PhD) of a companion study examining involvement of families in rehousing older adults experiencing homeless. Passionate about training the next generation of researchers seeking to improve outcomes in vulnerable populations, she is the PI of a K24 award from NIA to mentor junior investigators in aging in vulnerable populations and directs the UCSF Primary Care Research Fellowship. Margot works with diverse stakeholders to implement programmatic and policy changes based on her research. She maintains an active clinical practice at ZSFG in both primary care and inpatient medicine.

Education
2019 - Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Champion Training, University of California
Fellow, 2001 - General Internal Medicine, University of California, San Francisco
Chief Resident, 1999 - Medicine, University of California, San Francisco
Resident, 1998 - Medicine/Primary Care, University of California, San Francisco
Intern, 1996 - Medicine/Primary Care, University of California, San Francisco
MD, 1995 - , Yale School of Medicine
AB, 1990 - English, Harvard University
Websites
Publications
  1. Suen LW, Makam AN, Snyder HR, Repplinger D, Kushel MB, Martin M, Nguyen OK. National Prevalence of Alcohol and Other Substance Use Disorders Among Emergency Department Visits and Hospitalizations: NHAMCS 2014-2018. Journal of general internal medicine 2021. PMID: 34518978


  2. Imbert E, Kinley PM, Scarborough A, Cawley C, Sankaran M, Cox SN, Kushel M, Stoltey J, Cohen S, Fuchs JD. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Outbreak in a San Francisco Homeless Shelter. Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 2020. PMID: 32744615


  3. Garcia-Grossman I, Kaplan L, Valle K, Guzman D, Williams B, Kushel M. Factors Associated with Incarceration in Older Adults Experiencing Homelessness: Results from the HOPE HOME Study. Journal of general internal medicine 2021. PMID: 34109543


  4. Chapman LAC, Kushel M, Cox SN, Scarborough A, Cawley C, Nguyen TQ, Rodriguez-Barraquer I, Greenhouse B, Imbert E, Lo NC. Comparison of infection control strategies to reduce COVID-19 outbreaks in homeless shelters in the United States: a simulation study. BMC medicine 2021. PMID: 33962621


  5. Kelly R Knight, Jeremy Weiser, Margaret A Handley, Pamela Olsen, John Weeks, Margot Kushel. Temporary stays with housed family and friends among older adults experiencing homelessness: Qualitative findings from the HOPE HOME study. Qualitative Social Work 2021. PMID:


  6. Chen YH, Glymour MM, Catalano R, Fernandez A, Nguyen T, Kushel M, Bibbins-Domingo K. Excess Mortality in California During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic, March to August 2020. JAMA internal medicine 2021. PMID: 33346804


  7. Cawley CL, Kanzaria HK, Kushel M, Raven MC, Zevin B. Mortality Among People Experiencing Homelessness in San Francisco 2016-2018. Journal of general internal medicine 2021. PMID: 33835316


  8. Beliveau CM, McMahan VM, Arenander J, Angst MS, Kushel M, Torres A, Santos GM, Coffin PO. Stimulant use for self-management of pain among safety-net patients with chronic non-cancer pain. Substance abuse 2021. PMID: 33798030


  9. Haq N, McMahan VM, Torres A, Santos GM, Knight K, Kushel M, Coffin PO. Race, pain, and opioids among patients with chronic pain in a safety-net health system. Drug and alcohol dependence 2021. PMID: 33810908


  10. Fuchs JD, Carter HC, Evans J, Graham-Squire D, Imbert E, Bloome J, Fann C, Skotnes T, Sears J, Pfeifer-Rosenblum R, Moughamian A, Eveland J, Reed A, Borne D, Lee M, Rosenthal M, Jain V, Bobba N, Kushel M, Kanzaria HK. Assessment of a Hotel-Based COVID-19 Isolation and Quarantine Strategy for Persons Experiencing Homelessness. JAMA network open 2021. PMID: 33651111


  11. Lo NC, Nyathi S, Chapman LAC, Rodriguez-Barraquer I, Kushel M, Bibbins-Domingo K, Lewnard JA. Influenza, Varicella, and Mumps Outbreaks in US Migrant Detention Centers. JAMA 2020. PMID: 33119037


  12. Raven MC, Niedzwiecki MJ, Kushel M. A randomized trial of permanent supportive housing for chronically homeless persons with high use of publicly funded services. Health services research 2020. PMID: 32976633


  13. Weiser SD, Sheira LA, Palar K, Kushel M, Wilson TE, Adedimeji A, Merenstein D, Cohen M, Turan JM, Metsch L, Adimora AA, Ofotokun I, Wentz E, Tien PC, Frongillo EA. Mechanisms from Food Insecurity to Worse HIV Treatment Outcomes in US Women Living with HIV. AIDS patient care and STDs 2020. PMID: 32941054


  14. Khatana SAM, Wadhera RK, Choi E, Groeneveld PW, Culhane DP, Kushel M, Kazi DS, Yeh RW, Shen C. Association of Homelessness with Hospital Readmissions-an Analysis of Three Large States. Journal of general internal medicine 2020. PMID: 32556872


  15. Essien UR, Paul DW, Kushel M. Database Inaccuracies and Disparities in Care Among Homeless Adults Hospitalized for Cardiovascular Conditions. JAMA internal medicine 2020. PMID: 32250398


  16. Kaplan LM, Sudore RL, Cuervo IA, Bainto D, Olsen P, Kushel M. Barriers and Solutions to Advance Care Planning among Homeless-Experienced Older Adults. Journal of palliative medicine 2020. PMID: 32182155


  17. Abbs E, Brown R, Guzman D, Kaplan L, Kushel M. Risk Factors for Falls in Older Adults Experiencing Homelessness: Results from the HOPE HOME Cohort Study. Journal of general internal medicine 2020. PMID: 31965522


  18. Rosenwohl-Mack S, Kushel M, Ramsey C, Handley M, Knight KR. "We Really Help, Taking Care of Each Other": Older Homeless Adults as Caregivers. Gerontology & geriatric medicine 2019. PMID: 31903411


  19. Nouri SS, Barnes DE, Volow AM, McMahan RD, Kushel M, Jin C, Boscardin J, Sudore RL. Health Literacy Matters More Than Experience for Advance Care Planning Knowledge Among Older Adults. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 2019. PMID: 31424575


  20. Kaplan LM, Vella L, Cabral E, Tieu L, Ponath C, Guzman D, Kushel MB. Unmet mental health and substance use treatment needs among older homeless adults: Results from the HOPE HOME Study. Journal of community psychology 2019. PMID: 31424102


  21. Brown RT, Guzman D, Kaplan LM, Ponath C, Lee CT, Kushel MB. Trajectories of functional impairment in homeless older adults: Results from the HOPE HOME study. PloS one 2019. PMID: 31408488


  22. Martin P, Liaw W, Bazemore A, Jetty A, Petterson S, Kushel M. Adults with Housing Insecurity Have Worse Access to Primary and Preventive Care. Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine : JABFM 2019. PMID: 31300572


  23. Tong M, Tieu L, Lee CT, Ponath C, Guzman D, Kushel M. Factors associated with food insecurity among older homeless adults: results from the HOPE HOME study. Journal of public health (Oxford, England) 2018. PMID: 29617886


  24. Tong MS, Kaplan LM, Guzman D, Ponath C, Kushel MB. Persistent Homelessness and Violent Victimization Among Older Adults in the HOPE HOME Study. Journal of interpersonal violence 2019. PMID: 31135255


  25. Chan B, Goldman LE, Sarkar U, Guzman D, Critchfield J, Saha S, Kushel M. High perceived social support and hospital readmissions in an older multi-ethnic, limited English proficiency, safety-net population. BMC health services research 2019. PMID: 31126336


  26. Satterwhite S, Knight KR, Miaskowski C, Chang JS, Ceasar R, Zamora K, Kushel M. Sources and Impact of Time Pressure on Opioid Management in the Safety-Net. Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine : JABFM 2019. PMID: 31068401


  27. Tuthill EL, Sheira LA, Palar K, Frongillo EA, Wilson TE, Adedimeji A, Merenstein D, Cohen MH, Wentz EL, Adimora AA, Ofotokun I, Metsch L, Kushel M, Turan JM, Konkle-Parker D, Tien PC, Weiser SD. Persistent Food Insecurity Is Associated with Adverse Mental Health among Women Living with or at Risk of HIV in the United States. The Journal of nutrition 2019. PMID: 30753638


  28. Raven MC, Kaplan LM, Rosenberg M, Tieu L, Guzman D, Kushel M. Mobile Phone, Computer, and Internet Use Among Older Homeless Adults: Results from the HOPE HOME Cohort Study. JMIR mHealth and uHealth 2018. PMID: 30530464


  29. Freitas DJ, Kaplan LM, Tieu L, Ponath C, Guzman D, Kushel M. Oral health and access to dental care among older homeless adults: results from the HOPE HOME study. Journal of public health dentistry 2018. PMID: 30295922


  30. Kushel M. Homelessness: A Potent Risk Factor for Readmission. Volume 56 of Issue 6. Medical care 2018. PMID: 29746347


  31. Sudore RL, Cuervo IA, Tieu L, Guzman D, Kaplan LM, Kushel M. Advance Care Planning for Older Homeless-Experienced Adults: Results from the Health Outcomes of People Experiencing Homelessness in Older Middle Age Study. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 2018. PMID: 29741765


  32. Kushel M. Hepatitis A Outbreak in California - Addressing the Root Cause. Volume 378 of Issue 3. The New England journal of medicine 2017. PMID: 29211622


  33. Spinelli MA, Frongillo EA, Sheira LA, Palar K, Tien PC, Wilson T, Merenstein D, Cohen M, Adedimeji A, Wentz E, Adimora AA, Metsch LR, Turan JM, Kushel MB, Weiser SD. Food Insecurity is Associated with Poor HIV Outcomes Among Women in the United States. Volume 21 of Issue 12. AIDS and behavior 2017. PMID: 29119474


  34. Patanwala M, Tieu L, Ponath C, Guzman D, Ritchie CS, Kushel M. Physical, Psychological, Social, and Existential Symptoms in Older Homeless-Experienced Adults: An Observational Study of the Hope Home Cohort. Volume 33 of Issue 5. Journal of general internal medicine 2017. PMID: 29185174


  35. Vijayaraghavan M, Olsen P, Weeks J, McKelvey K, Ponath C, Kushel M. Older African American Homeless-Experienced Smokers' Attitudes Toward Tobacco Control Policies-Results from the HOPE HOME Study. Volume 32 of Issue 2. American journal of health promotion : AJHP 2017. PMID: 28893086


  36. Metzger L, Ahalt C, Kushel M, Riker A, Williams B. Mobilizing cross-sector community partnerships to address the needs of criminal justice-involved older adults: a framework for action. Volume 13 of Issue 3-4. International journal of prisoner health 2017. PMID: 28914125


  37. Whittle HJ, Palar K, Ranadive NA, Turan JM, Kushel M, Weiser SD. "The land of the sick and the land of the healthy": Disability, bureaucracy, and stigma among people living with poverty and chronic illness in the United States. Volume 190. Social science & medicine (1982) 2017. PMID: 28865254


  38. Brown RT, Hemati K, Riley ED, Lee CT, Ponath C, Tieu L, Guzman D, Kushel MB. Geriatric Conditions in a Population-Based Sample of Older Homeless Adults. Volume 57 of Issue 4. The Gerontologist 2017. PMID: 26920935


  39. Hurstak E, Johnson JK, Tieu L, Guzman D, Ponath C, Lee CT, Jamora CW, Kushel M. Factors associated with cognitive impairment in a cohort of older homeless adults: Results from the HOPE HOME study. Volume 178. Drug and alcohol dependence 2017. PMID: 28738314


  40. Knight KR, Kushel M, Chang JS, Zamora K, Ceasar R, Hurstak E, Miaskowski C. Opioid pharmacovigilance: A clinical-social history of the changes in opioid prescribing for patients with co-occurring chronic non-cancer pain and substance use. Volume 186. Social science & medicine (1982) 2017. PMID: 28599142


  41. Landefeld JC, Miaskowski C, Tieu L, Ponath C, Lee CT, Guzman D, Kushel M. Characteristics and Factors Associated With Pain in Older Homeless Individuals: Results From the Health Outcomes in People Experiencing Homelessness in Older Middle Age (HOPE HOME) Study. Volume 18 of Issue 9. The journal of pain : official journal of the American Pain Society 2017. PMID: 28412229


  42. Hurstak EE, Kushel M, Chang J, Ceasar R, Zamora K, Miaskowski C, Knight K. The risks of opioid treatment: Perspectives of primary care practitioners and patients from safety-net clinics. Volume 38 of Issue 2. Substance abuse 2017. PMID: 28394752


  43. Raven MC, Tieu L, Lee CT, Ponath C, Guzman D, Kushel M. Emergency Department Use in a Cohort of Older Homeless Adults: Results From the HOPE HOME Study. Volume 24 of Issue 1. Academic emergency medicine : official journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine 2017. PMID: 27520382


  44. Kertesz SG, Baggett TP, O'Connell JJ, Buck DS, Kushel MB. Permanent Supportive Housing for Homeless People - Reframing the Debate. Volume 375 of Issue 22. The New England journal of medicine 2016. PMID: 27959753


  45. Spinelli MA, Ponath C, Tieu L, Hurstak EE, Guzman D, Kushel M. Factors associated with substance use in older homeless adults: Results from the HOPE HOME study. Volume 38 of Issue 1. Substance abuse 2016. PMID: 27897965


  46. Raven MC, Guzman D, Chen AH, Kornak J, Kushel M. Out-of-Network Emergency Department Use among Managed Medicaid Beneficiaries. Volume 52 of Issue 6. Health services research 2016. PMID: 27861836


  47. Chang JS, Kushel M, Miaskowski C, Ceasar R, Zamora K, Hurstak E, Knight KR. Provider Experiences With the Identification, Management, and Treatment of Co-occurring Chronic Noncancer Pain and Substance Use in the Safety Net. Volume 52 of Issue 2. Substance use & misuse 2016. PMID: 27754719


  48. Vijayaraghavan M, Schroeder SA, Kushel M. The effectiveness of tobacco control policies on vulnerable populations in the USA: a review. Postgraduate medical journal 2016. PMID: 27660283


  49. Kushel M. Things Fall Apart: Preventing High Readmission Rates Among Homeless Adults. Volume 31 of Issue 9. Journal of general internal medicine 2016. PMID: 27184753


  50. Lee CM, Mangurian C, Tieu L, Ponath C, Guzman D, Kushel M. Childhood Adversities Associated with Poor Adult Mental Health Outcomes in Older Homeless Adults: Results From the HOPE HOME Study. Volume 25 of Issue 2. The American journal of geriatric psychiatry : official journal of the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry 2016. PMID: 27544890


  51. Raven MC, Kushel M, Ko MJ, Penko J, Bindman AB. The Effectiveness of Emergency Department Visit Reduction Programs: A Systematic Review. Volume 68 of Issue 4. Annals of emergency medicine 2016. PMID: 27287549


  52. Brown RT, Goodman L, Guzman D, Tieu L, Ponath C, Kushel MB. Pathways to Homelessness among Older Homeless Adults: Results from the HOPE HOME Study. Volume 11 of Issue 5. PloS one 2016. PMID: 27163478


  53. Vijayaraghavan M, Tieu L, Ponath C, Guzman D, Kushel M. Tobacco Cessation Behaviors Among Older Homeless Adults: Results From the HOPE HOME Study. Volume 18 of Issue 8. Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco 2016. PMID: 26920648


  54. Lee CT, Guzman D, Ponath C, Tieu L, Riley E, Kushel M. Residential patterns in older homeless adults: Results of a cluster analysis. Volume 153. Social science & medicine (1982) 2016. PMID: 26896877


  55. Ceasar R, Chang J, Zamora K, Hurstak E, Kushel M, Miaskowski C, Knight K. Primary care providers' experiences with urine toxicology tests to manage prescription opioid misuse and substance use among chronic noncancer pain patients in safety net health care settings. Volume 37 of Issue 1. Substance abuse 2016. PMID: 26682471


  56. Chodos AH, Kushel MB, Greysen SR, Guzman D, Kessell ER, Sarkar U, Goldman LE, Critchfield JM, Pierluissi E. Hospitalization-Associated Disability in Adults Admitted to a Safety-Net Hospital. Volume 30 of Issue 12. Journal of general internal medicine 2015. PMID: 25986139


  57. Chan B, Goldman LE, Sarkar U, Schneidermann M, Kessell E, Guzman D, Critchfield J, Kushel M. The Effect of a Care Transition Intervention on the Patient Experience of Older Multi-Lingual Adults in the Safety Net: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial. Volume 30 of Issue 12. Journal of general internal medicine 2015. PMID: 25986136


  58. Palar K, Kushel M, Frongillo EA, Riley ED, Grede N, Bangsberg D, Weiser SD. Food Insecurity is Longitudinally Associated with Depressive Symptoms Among Homeless and Marginally-Housed Individuals Living with HIV. Volume 19 of Issue 8. AIDS and behavior 2015. PMID: 25351185


  59. Kushel M. The First Step is the Hardest: Overcoming Barriers to Primary Care. Volume 30 of Issue 7. Journal of general internal medicine 2015. PMID: 25788245


  60. Brown RT, Pierluissi E, Guzman D, Kessell ER, Goldman LE, Sarkar U, Schneidermann M, Critchfield JM, Kushel MB. Functional disability in late-middle-aged and older adults admitted to a safety-net hospital. Volume 62 of Issue 11. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 2014. PMID: 25367281


  61. Fazel S, Geddes JR, Kushel M. The health of homeless people in high-income countries: descriptive epidemiology, health consequences, and clinical and policy recommendations. Volume 384 of Issue 9953. Lancet (London, England) 2014. PMID: 25390578


  62. Goldman LE, Sarkar U, Kessell E, Guzman D, Schneidermann M, Pierluissi E, Walter B, Vittinghoff E, Critchfield J, Kushel M. Support from hospital to home for elders: a randomized trial. Volume 161 of Issue 7. Annals of internal medicine 2014. PMID: 25285540


  63. Kushel M. Improving care for hospitalized, opioid-dependent patients: a promising start. Volume 174 of Issue 8. JAMA internal medicine 2014. PMID: 24978013


  64. Vijayaraghavan M, Freitas D, Bangsberg DR, Miaskowski C, Kushel MB. Non-medical use of non-opioid psychotherapeutic medications in a community-based cohort of HIV-infected indigent adults. Volume 143. Drug and alcohol dependence 2014. PMID: 25107312


  65. Jeevanjee S, Penko J, Guzman D, Miaskowski C, Bangsberg DR, Kushel MB. Opioid analgesic misuse is associated with incomplete antiretroviral adherence in a cohort of HIV-infected indigent adults in San Francisco. Volume 18 of Issue 7. AIDS and behavior 2014. PMID: 24077929


  66. Greysen SR, Hoi-Cheung D, Garcia V, Kessell E, Sarkar U, Goldman L, Schneidermann M, Critchfield J, Pierluissi E, Kushel M. "Missing pieces"--functional, social, and environmental barriers to recovery for vulnerable older adults transitioning from hospital to home. Volume 62 of Issue 8. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 2014. PMID: 24934494


  67. Kushel MB, Hahn JA, Evans JL, Bangsberg DR, Moss AR. Revolving doors: imprisonment among the homeless and marginally housed population. Volume 95 of Issue 10. American journal of public health 2005. PMID: 16186453


  68. Bazari A, Patanwala M, Kaplan LM, Auerswald CL, Kushel MB. 'The thing that really gets me is the future': Symptomatology in Older Homeless Adults in the HOPE HOME Study. Journal of pain and symptom management 2018. PMID: 29783004


  69. Paul DW, Knight KR, Olsen P, Weeks J, Yen IH, Kushel MB. Racial Discrimination in the Life Course of Older Adults Experiencing Homelessness: Results from the HOPE HOME Study. Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless 2019. PMID: 33727778


  70. Cawley C, Raven MC, Martinez MX, Niedzwiecki M, Kushel MB, Kanzaria HK. Understanding the 100 highest users of health and social services in San Francisco. Academic emergency medicine : official journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine 2021. PMID: 34021517


  71. Vijayaraghavan M, Penko J, Vittinghoff E, Bangsberg DR, Miaskowski C, Kushel MB. Smoking behaviors in a community-based cohort of HIV-infected indigent adults. Volume 18 of Issue 3. AIDS and behavior 2014. PMID: 23918243


  72. Weiser SD, Yuan C, Guzman D, Frongillo EA, Riley ED, Bangsberg DR, Kushel MB. Food insecurity and HIV clinical outcomes in a longitudinal study of urban homeless and marginally housed HIV-infected individuals. Volume 27 of Issue 18. AIDS (London, England) 2013. PMID: 23921612


  73. Vogenthaler NS, Kushel MB, Hadley C, Frongillo EA, Riley ED, Bangsberg DR, Weiser SD. Food insecurity and risky sexual behaviors among homeless and marginally housed HIV-infected individuals in San Francisco. Volume 17 of Issue 5. AIDS and behavior 2013. PMID: 23086429


  74. Vijayaraghavan M, Kushel MB, Vittinghoff E, Kertesz S, Jacobs D, Lewis CE, Sidney S, Bibbins-Domingo K. Housing instability and incident hypertension in the CARDIA cohort. Volume 90 of Issue 3. Journal of urban health : bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine 2013. PMID: 22752301


  75. Wang EA, Hong CS, Shavat S, Kessell ER, Sanders R, Kushel MB. Wang et al. Respond. Volume 103 of Issue 6. American journal of public health 2013. PMID: 23597355


  76. Vijayaraghavan M, Penko J, Bangsberg DR, Miaskowski C, Kushel MB. Opioid analgesic misuse in a community-based cohort of HIV-infected indigent adults. Volume 173 of Issue 3. JAMA internal medicine 2013. PMID: 23319013


  77. Weiser SD, Hatcher A, Frongillo EA, Guzman D, Riley ED, Bangsberg DR, Kushel MB. Food insecurity is associated with greater acute care utilization among HIV-infected homeless and marginally housed individuals in San Francisco. Volume 28 of Issue 1. Journal of general internal medicine 2012. PMID: 22903407


  78. Vijayaraghavan M, Penko J, Guzman D, Miaskowski C, Kushel MB. Primary care providers' views on chronic pain management among high-risk patients in safety net settings. Volume 13 of Issue 9. Pain medicine (Malden, Mass.) 2012. PMID: 22846057


  79. Wang EA, Hong CS, Shavit S, Sanders R, Kessell E, Kushel MB. Engaging individuals recently released from prison into primary care: a randomized trial. Volume 102 of Issue 9. American journal of public health 2012. PMID: 22813476


  80. Penko J, Mattson J, Miaskowski C, Kushel M. Do patients know they are on pain medication agreements? Results from a sample of high-risk patients on chronic opioid therapy. Volume 13 of Issue 9. Pain medicine (Malden, Mass.) 2012. PMID: 22757769


  81. Chartier M, Carrico AW, Weiser SD, Kushel MB, Riley ED. Specific psychiatric correlates of acute care utilization among unstably housed HIV-positive adults. Volume 24 of Issue 12. AIDS care 2012. PMID: 22533713


  82. Kushel M. Older homeless adults: can we do more? Volume 27 of Issue 1. Journal of general internal medicine 2012. PMID: 22086754


  83. Weiser SD, Young SL, Cohen CR, Kushel MB, Tsai AC, Tien PC, Hatcher AM, Frongillo EA, Bangsberg DR. Conceptual framework for understanding the bidirectional links between food insecurity and HIV/AIDS. Volume 94 of Issue 6. The American journal of clinical nutrition 2011. PMID: 22089434


  84. Straus SG, Chen AH, Yee H, Kushel MB, Bell DS. Implementation of an electronic referral system for outpatient specialty care. Volume 2011. AMIA ... Annual Symposium proceedings. AMIA Symposium 2011. PMID: 22195195


  85. Miaskowski C, Penko JM, Guzman D, Mattson JE, Bangsberg DR, Kushel MB. Occurrence and characteristics of chronic pain in a community-based cohort of indigent adults living with HIV infection. Volume 12 of Issue 9. The journal of pain : official journal of the American Pain Society 2011. PMID: 21684218


  86. Hansen L, Penko J, Guzman D, Bangsberg DR, Miaskowski C, Kushel MB. Aberrant behaviors with prescription opioids and problem drug use history in a community-based cohort of HIV-infected individuals. Volume 42 of Issue 6. Journal of pain and symptom management 2011. PMID: 21802896


  87. Vijayaraghavan M, Penko J, Guzman D, Miaskowski C, Kushel MB. Primary care providers’ judgments of opioid analgesic misuse in a community-based cohort of HIV-infected indigent adults. Volume 26 of Issue 4. Journal of general internal medicine 2011. PMID: 21061084


  88. Moskowitz D, Thom DH, Guzman D, Penko J, Miaskowski C, Kushel M. Is primary care providers' trust in socially marginalized patients affected by race? Volume 26 of Issue 8. Journal of general internal medicine 2011. PMID: 21394422


  89. Thom DH, Wong ST, Guzman D, Wu A, Penko J, Miaskowski C, Kushel M. Physician trust in the patient: development and validation of a new measure. Volume 9 of Issue 2. Annals of family medicine 2011. PMID: 21403142


  90. Tsai AC, Weiser SD, Petersen ML, Ragland K, Kushel MB, Bangsberg DR. A marginal structural model to estimate the causal effect of antidepressant medication treatment on viral suppression among homeless and marginally housed persons with HIV. Volume 67 of Issue 12. Archives of general psychiatry 2010. PMID: 21135328


  91. Brown RT, Kimes RV, Guzman D, Kushel M. Health care access and utilization in older versus younger homeless adults. Volume 21 of Issue 3. Journal of health care for the poor and underserved 2010. PMID: 20693744


  92. Williams BA, McGuire J, Lindsay RG, Baillargeon J, Cenzer IS, Lee SJ, Kushel M. Coming home: health status and homelessness risk of older pre-release prisoners. Volume 25 of Issue 10. Journal of general internal medicine 2010. PMID: 20532651


  93. Althoff KN, Gange SJ, Klein MB, Brooks JT, Hogg RS, Bosch RJ, Horberg MA, Saag MS, Kitahata MM, Justice AC, Gebo KA, Eron JJ, Rourke SB, Gill MJ, Rodriguez B, Sterling TR, Calzavara LM, Deeks SG, Martin JN, Rachlis AR, Napravnik S, Jacobson LP, Kirk GD, Collier AC, Benson CA, Silverberg MJ, Kushel M, Goedert JJ, McKaig RG, Van Rompaey SE, Zhang J, Moore RD. Late presentation for human immunodeficiency virus care in the United States and Canada. Volume 50 of Issue 11. Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 2010. PMID: 20415573


  94. Kim-Hwang JE, Chen AH, Bell DS, Guzman D, Yee HF, Kushel MB. Evaluating electronic referrals for specialty care at a public hospital. Volume 25 of Issue 10. Journal of general internal medicine 2010. PMID: 20512531


  95. Chen AH, Kushel MB, Grumbach K, Yee HF. Practice profile. A safety-net system gains efficiencies through 'eReferrals' to specialists. Volume 29 of Issue 5. Health affairs (Project Hope) 2010. PMID: 20439891


  96. Wang EA, Hong CS, Samuels L, Shavit S, Sanders R, Kushel M. Transitions clinic: creating a community-based model of health care for recently released California prisoners. Volume 125 of Issue 2. Public health reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974) 2010. PMID: 20297743


  97. Seligman HK, Laraia BA, Kushel MB. Food insecurity is associated with chronic disease among low-income NHANES participants. Volume 140 of Issue 2. The Journal of nutrition 2009. PMID: 20032485


  98. Deeks SG, Gange SJ, Kitahata MM, Saag MS, Justice AC, Hogg RS, Eron JJ, Brooks JT, Rourke SB, Gill MJ, Bosch RJ, Benson CA, Collier AC, Martin JN, Klein MB, Jacobson LP, Rodriguez B, Sterling TR, Kirk GD, Napravnik S, Rachlis AR, Calzavara LM, Horberg MA, Silverberg MJ, Gebo KA, Kushel MB, Goedert JJ, McKaig RG, Moore RD. Trends in multidrug treatment failure and subsequent mortality among antiretroviral therapy-experienced patients with HIV infection in North America. Volume 49 of Issue 10. Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 2009. PMID: 19845473


  99. Sewell JL, Kushel MB, Inadomi JM, Yee HF. Non-English speakers attend gastroenterology clinic appointments at higher rates than English speakers in a vulnerable patient population. Volume 43 of Issue 7. Journal of clinical gastroenterology 2009. PMID: 19169147


  100. Weiser SD, Bangsberg DR, Kegeles S, Ragland K, Kushel MB, Frongillo EA. Food insecurity among homeless and marginally housed individuals living with HIV/AIDS in San Francisco. Volume 13 of Issue 5. AIDS and behavior 2009. PMID: 19644748


  101. Kim Y, Chen AH, Keith E, Yee HF, Kushel MB. Not perfect, but better: primary care providers' experiences with electronic referrals in a safety net health system. Volume 24 of Issue 5. Journal of general internal medicine 2009. PMID: 19308334


  102. Yen IH, Hammond WP, Kushel MB. From homeless to hopeless and healthless?: the health impacts of housing challenges among former foster care youth transitioning to adulthood in California. Volume 32 of Issue 2. Issues in comprehensive pediatric nursing 2009. PMID: 21992092


  103. Reid KW, Vittinghoff E, Kushel MB. Association between the level of housing instability, economic standing and health care access: a meta-regression. Volume 19 of Issue 4. Journal of health care for the poor and underserved 2008. PMID: 19029747


  104. Das-Douglas M, Riley ED, Ragland K, Guzman D, Clark R, Kushel MB, Bangsberg DR. Implementation of the Medicare Part D prescription drug benefit is associated with antiretroviral therapy interruptions. Volume 13 of Issue 1. AIDS and behavior 2008. PMID: 18483850


  105. Ma CT, Gee L, Kushel MB. Associations between housing instability and food insecurity with health care access in low-income children. Volume 8 of Issue 1. Ambulatory pediatrics : the official journal of the Ambulatory Pediatric Association 2008. PMID: 18191782


  106. Kushel MB, Yen IH, Gee L, Courtney ME. Homelessness and health care access after emancipation: results from the Midwest Evaluation of Adult Functioning of Former Foster Youth. Volume 161 of Issue 10. Archives of pediatrics & adolescent medicine 2007. PMID: 17909143


  107. Seligman HK, Bindman AB, Vittinghoff E, Kanaya AM, Kushel MB. Food insecurity is associated with diabetes mellitus: results from the National Health Examination and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2002. Volume 22 of Issue 7. Journal of general internal medicine 2007. PMID: 17436030


  108. Adams J, Rosenheck R, Gee L, Seibyl CL, Kushel M. Hospitalized younger: a comparison of a national sample of homeless and housed inpatient veterans. Volume 18 of Issue 1. Journal of health care for the poor and underserved 2007. PMID: 17337806


  109. Kushel MB, Miaskowski C. End-of-life care for homeless patients: "she says she is there to help me in any situation". Volume 296 of Issue 24. JAMA 2006. PMID: 17190897


  110. Kessell ER, Bhatia R, Bamberger JD, Kushel MB. Public health care utilization in a cohort of homeless adult applicants to a supportive housing program. Volume 83 of Issue 5. Journal of urban health : bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine 2006. PMID: 16779686


  111. Hahn JA, Kushel MB, Bangsberg DR, Riley E, Moss AR. BRIEF REPORT: the aging of the homeless population: fourteen-year trends in San Francisco. Volume 21 of Issue 7. Journal of general internal medicine 2006. PMID: 16808781


  112. Kushel MB, Colfax G, Ragland K, Heineman A, Palacio H, Bangsberg DR. Case management is associated with improved antiretroviral adherence and CD4+ cell counts in homeless and marginally housed individuals with HIV infection. Volume 43 of Issue 2. Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 2006. PMID: 16779752


  113. Kushel MB, Gupta R, Gee L, Haas JS. Housing instability and food insecurity as barriers to health care among low-income Americans. Volume 21 of Issue 1. Journal of general internal medicine 2006. PMID: 16423128


  114. Bhandari VK, Kushel M, Price L, Schillinger D. Racial disparities in outcomes of inpatient stroke rehabilitation. Volume 86 of Issue 11. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation 2005. PMID: 16271552


  115. Tsai M, Weintraub R, Gee L, Kushel M. Identifying homelessness at an urban public hospital: a moving target? Volume 16 of Issue 2. Journal of health care for the poor and underserved 2005. PMID: 15937393


  116. Walley AY, White MC, Kushel MB, Song YS, Tulsky JP. Knowledge of and interest in hepatitis C treatment at a methadone clinic. Volume 28 of Issue 2. Journal of substance abuse treatment 2005. PMID: 15780548


  117. Kushel M, Bindman AB. Health care lobbying: time to make patients the special interest. Volume 116 of Issue 7. The American journal of medicine 2004. PMID: 15047042


  118. Kushel MB, Evans JL, Perry S, Robertson MJ, Moss AR. No door to lock: victimization among homeless and marginally housed persons. Volume 163 of Issue 20. Archives of internal medicine 2003. PMID: 14609786


  119. Kushel MB, Perry S, Bangsberg D, Clark R, Moss AR. Emergency department use among the homeless and marginally housed: results from a community-based study. Volume 92 of Issue 5. American journal of public health 2002. PMID: 11988447


  120. Kushel MB, Vittinghoff E, Haas JS. Factors associated with the health care utilization of homeless persons. Volume 285 of Issue 2. JAMA 2001. PMID: 11176814