Eric Goosby, MD


HIV, Infectious Disease, and Global Medicine, Infectious Diseases

M.D., 1978 - Medicine, University of California, San Francisco
Residency, - School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco
Honors and Awards
  • Institute of Medicine Member, 2014
  1. Meffert SM, Lawhorn C, Ongeri L, Bukusi E, Campbell HR, Goosby E, Bertozzi SM, Kahonge SN. Scaling up public mental health care in Sub-Saharan Africa: insights from infectious disease. 2021. PMID: 34868611

  2. Geng EH, Reid MJA, Goosby E, Abdool-Karim Q. COVID-19 and global equity for health: The good, the bad, and the wicked. PLoS medicine 2021. PMID: 34597296

  3. Martins DC, Babajide O, Maani N, Abdalla SM, Gómez EJ, Pongsiri MJ, Tlou S, Leung GM, Benjamin GC, Goosby E, Dain K, Vega J, Zeinali Z, Stoeva P, Galea S, Sturchio J, Twum-Danso NAY. Integrating Social Determinants in Decision-Making Processes for Health: Insights from Conceptual Frameworks-the 3-D Commission. Journal of urban health : bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine 2021. PMID: 34480328

  4. Babajide O, Martins DC, Maani N, Abdalla SM, Gómez EJ, Pongsiri MJ, Tlou S, Leung GM, Benjamin GC, Goosby E, Dain K, Vega J, Zeinali Z, Galea S, Sturchio J, Twum-Danso NAY. Improving Decision-Making for Population Health in Nonhealth Sectors in Urban Environments: the Example of the Transportation Sector in Three Megacities-the 3-D Commission. Journal of urban health : bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine 2021. PMID: 34435262

  5. Gandhi M, Beyrer C, Goosby E. Masks Reduce Viral Inoculum of SARS-CoV2. Journal of general internal medicine 2021. PMID: 33483818

  6. Reid M, Silva S, Goosby EP. World TB day: a new opportunity to reimagine workplace health. BMJ global health 2021. PMID: 33741562

  7. Spinelli MA, Glidden DV, Gennatas ED, Bielecki M, Beyrer C, Rutherford G, Chambers H, Goosby E, Gandhi M. Importance of non-pharmaceutical interventions in lowering the viral inoculum to reduce susceptibility to infection by SARS-CoV-2 and potentially disease severity. The Lancet. Infectious diseases 2021. PMID: 33631099

  8. Reid MJA, Silva S, Arinaminpathy N, Goosby E. Building a tuberculosis-free world while responding to the COVID-19 pandemic. Lancet (London, England) 2020. PMID: 34338198

  9. Onono MA, Rutherford GW, Bukusi EA, White JS, Goosby E, Brindis CD. Political prioritization and the competing definitions of adolescent pregnancy in Kenya: An application of the Public Arenas Model. PloS one 2020. PMID: 32925926

  10. Gandhi M, Beyrer C, Goosby E. Masks Do More Than Protect Others During COVID-19: Reducing the Inoculum of SARS-CoV-2 to Protect the Wearer. Journal of general internal medicine 2020. PMID: 32737790

  11. Reid MJA, Goosby E. Improving quality is necessary to building a TB-free world: Lancet Commission on Tuberculosis. Journal of clinical tuberculosis and other mycobacterial diseases 2020. PMID: 32181371

  12. Onono MA, Brindis CD, White JS, Goosby E, Okoro DO, Bukusi EA, Rutherford GW. Challenges to generating political prioritization for adolescent sexual and reproductive health in Kenya: A qualitative study. PloS one 2019. PMID: 31856245

  13. Castor D, Kimmel AL, McFall A, Padian N, Yansaneh A, Wiant S, Sandison S, Holmes C, Lucas R, Stanton D, Goosby E, Kottiri B. Employing the Payback Framework to Assess Implementation Science Research Utilization: Lessons From the USAID's PEPFAR HIV/AIDS Implementation Science Awards. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2019. PMID: 31764273

  14. Reid M, Von Zinkernagel D, Beyeler N, Goosby E. Global Fund replenishment brings us one step closer to ending tuberculosis. The Lancet. Global health 2019. PMID: 31606326

  15. Agins BD, Ikeda DJ, Reid MJA, Goosby E, Pai M, Cattamanchi A. Improving the cascade of global tuberculosis care: moving from the "what" to the "how" of quality improvement. The Lancet. Infectious diseases 2019. PMID: 31447305

  16. Reid MJA, Goosby E. A tuberculosis-free world: is it a delusion? - Authors' reply. Lancet (London, England) 2019. PMID: 31416608

  17. Goosby E. The Global Fund, Governance, and Accountability. Annals of global health 2019. PMID: 31125194

  18. Gostin LO, Monahan JT, Kaldor J, DeBartolo M, Friedman EA, Gottschalk K, Kim SC, Alwan A, Binagwaho A, Burci GL, Cabal L, DeLand K, Evans TG, Goosby E, Hossain S, Koh H, Ooms G, Roses Periago M, Uprimny R, Yamin AE. The legal determinants of health: harnessing the power of law for global health and sustainable development. Lancet (London, England) 2019. PMID: 31053306

  19. Glass RI, El-Sadr W, Goosby E, Kupfer LE. The HIV response and global health. Lancet (London, England) 2019. PMID: 31034374

  20. Reid MJA, Arinaminpathy N, Bloom A, Bloom BR, Boehme C, Chaisson R, Chin DP, Churchyard G, Cox H, Ditiu L, Dybul M, Farrar J, Fauci AS, Fekadu E, Fujiwara PI, Hallett TB, Hanson CL, Harrington M, Herbert N, Hopewell PC, Ikeda C, Jamison DT, Khan AJ, Koek I, Krishnan N, Motsoaledi A, Pai M, Raviglione MC, Sharman A, Small PM, Swaminathan S, Temesgen Z, Vassall A, Venkatesan N, van Weezenbeek K, Yamey G, Agins BD, Alexandru S, Andrews JR, Beyeler N, Bivol S, Brigden G, Cattamanchi A, Cazabon D, Crudu V, Daftary A, Dewan P, Doepel LK, Eisinger RW, Fan V, Fewer S, Furin J, Goldhaber-Fiebert JD, Gomez GB, Graham SM, Gupta D, Kamene M, Khaparde S, Mailu EW, Masini EO, McHugh L, Mitchell E, Moon S, Osberg M, Pande T, Prince L, Rade K, Rao R, Remme M, Seddon JA, Selwyn C, Shete P, Sachdeva KS, Stallworthy G, Vesga JF, Vilc V, Goosby EP. Building a tuberculosis-free world: The Lancet Commission on tuberculosis. Lancet (London, England) 2019. PMID: 30904263

  21. Reid M, Goosby E, Kevany S. Leveraging health diplomacy to end the tuberculosis epidemic. The Lancet. Global health 2019. PMID: 30904523

  22. Daftary A, Mitchell EMH, Reid MJA, Fekadu E, Goosby E. To End TB, First-Ever High-Level Meeting on TB Must Address Stigma. The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene 2018. PMID: 30226149

  23. Reid MJA, Goosby E. Eradicating TB. BMJ (Clinical research ed.) 2018. PMID: 30254022

  24. Gottesfeld P, Reid M, Goosby E. Preventing tuberculosis among high-risk workers. The Lancet. Global health 2018. PMID: 30262448

  25. Gupta V, Tsai AC, Mason-Sharma A, Goosby EP, Jha AK, Kerry VB. Have geopolitics influenced decisions on American health foreign assistance efforts during the Obama presidency? Journal of global health 2018. PMID: 29740500

  26. Rochford C, Sridhar D, Woods N, Saleh Z, Hartenstein L, Ahlawat H, Whiting E, Dybul M, Cars O, Goosby E, Cassels A, Velasquez G, Hoffman S, Baris E, Wadsworth J, Gyansa-Lutterodt M, Davies S. Global governance of antimicrobial resistance. Lancet (London, England) 2018. PMID: 29864011

  27. Goosby E, Jamison D, Swaminathan S, Reid M, Zuccala E. The Lancet Commission on tuberculosis: building a tuberculosis-free world. Lancet (London, England) 2018. PMID: 29595482

  28. Reid MJA, Goosby E. Patient-Centered Tuberculosis Programs Are Necessary to End the Epidemic. Volume 216 of Issue suppl_7. The Journal of infectious diseases 2017. PMID: 29117344

  29. Goosby E, Abrams E, Bekker LG, Mushavi A. Crossing the Finish Line. Volume 75 Suppl 1. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2017. PMID: 28399004

  30. Reid MJ, Goosby E. Lessons learned from the HIV care cascade can help End TB. Volume 21 of Issue 3. The international journal of tuberculosis and lung disease : the official journal of the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 2017. PMID: 28225330

  31. Reid MJ, Goosby E. Children with TB: neglected no more . . .. Volume 20 of Issue 11. The international journal of tuberculosis and lung disease : the official journal of the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 2016. PMID: 27776578

  32. Meffert SM, Shome S, Neylan TC, Musalo K, Fineberg HV, Cooke MM, Volberding PA, Goosby EP. Health impact of human rights testimony: harming the most vulnerable? Volume 1 of Issue 1. BMJ global health 2016. PMID: 28588904

  33. Csete J, Kamarulzaman A, Kazatchkine M, Altice F, Balicki M, Buxton J, Cepeda J, Comfort M, Goosby E, Goulão J, Hart C, Kerr T, Lajous AM, Lewis S, Martin N, Mejía D, Camacho A, Mathieson D, Obot I, Ogunrombi A, Sherman S, Stone J, Vallath N, Vickerman P, Zábranský T, Beyrer C. Public health and international drug policy. Volume 387 of Issue 10026. Lancet (London, England) 2016. PMID: 27021149

  34. Kruk ME, Yamey G, Angell SY, Beith A, Cotlear D, Guanais F, Jacobs L, Saxenian H, Victora C, Goosby E. Transforming Global Health by Improving the Science of Scale-Up. Volume 14 of Issue 3. PLoS biology 2016. PMID: 26934704

  35. Goosby E. Out of the shadows: shining a light on children with tuberculosis. Volume 19 Suppl 1. The international journal of tuberculosis and lung disease : the official journal of the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 2015. PMID: 26564533

  36. Moon S, Sridhar D, Pate MA, Jha AK, Clinton C, Delaunay S, Edwin V, Fallah M, Fidler DP, Garrett L, Goosby E, Gostin LO, Heymann DL, Lee K, Leung GM, Morrison JS, Saavedra J, Tanner M, Leigh JA, Hawkins B, Woskie LR, Piot P. Will Ebola change the game? Ten essential reforms before the next pandemic. The report of the Harvard-LSHTM Independent Panel on the Global Response to Ebola. Volume 386 of Issue 10009. Lancet (London, England) 2015. PMID: 26615326

  37. Gupta V, Kerry VB, Goosby E, Yates R. Politics and Universal Health Coverage--The Post-2015 Global Health Agenda. Volume 373 of Issue 13. The New England journal of medicine 2015. PMID: 26376044

  38. Piot P, Abdool Karim SS, Hecht R, Legido-Quigley H, Buse K, Stover J, Resch S, Ryckman T, Møgedal S, Dybul M, Goosby E, Watts C, Kilonzo N, McManus J, Sidibé M. Defeating AIDS--advancing global health. Volume 386 of Issue 9989. Lancet (London, England) 2015. PMID: 26117719

  39. Cancedda C, Farmer PE, Kerry V, Nuthulaganti T, Scott KW, Goosby E, Binagwaho A. Maximizing the Impact of Training Initiatives for Health Professionals in Low-Income Countries: Frameworks, Challenges, and Best Practices. Volume 12 of Issue 6. PLoS medicine 2015. PMID: 26079377

  40. Boender TS, Barré-Sinoussi F, Cooper D, Goosby E, Hankins C, Heidenrijk M, de Jong M, Kazatchkine M, Laoye F, Merson M, Reiss P, Rinke de Wit TF, Rogo K, Schellekens O, Schultsz C, Sigaloff KC, Simon J, Zewdie D. Research in action: from AIDS to global health to impact. A symposium in recognition of the scientific contributions of Professor Joep Lange. Volume 20 of Issue 1. Antiviral therapy 2015. PMID: 25691450

  41. Bollyky TJ, Emanuel EJ, Goosby EP, Satcher D, Shalala DE, Thompson TG. NCDs and an outcome-based approach to global health. Volume 384 of Issue 9959. Lancet (London, England) 2014. PMID: 25483157

  42. Goosby EP, von Zinkernagel D. The Medical and Nursing Education Partnership Initiatives. Volume 89 of Issue 8 Suppl. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges 2014. PMID: 25072578

  43. Goosby E. PEPFAR's commitment to country ownership and achieving an AIDS-free generation. Volume 2 of Issue 1. The Lancet. Global health 2013. PMID: 25104626

  44. Binagwaho A, Kyamanywa P, Farmer PE, Nuthulaganti T, Umubyeyi B, Nyemazi JP, Mugeni SD, Asiimwe A, Ndagijimana U, Lamphere McPherson H, Ngirabega Jde D, Sliney A, Uwayezu A, Rusanganwa V, Wagner CM, Nutt CT, Eldon-Edington M, Cancedda C, Magaziner IC, Goosby E. The human resources for health program in Rwanda--new partnership. Volume 369 of Issue 21. The New England journal of medicine 2013. PMID: 24256385

  45. Sidibé M, Goosby EP. Foreword: Global action to reduce HIV stigma and discrimination. Volume 16 of Issue 3 Suppl 2. Journal of the International AIDS Society 2013. PMID: 24242270

  46. Anne L Stangl, Cynthia I Grossman, Michel Sidibé, Eric P. Goosby, Cynthia I Grossman, Anne L Stangl, Ingrid T Katz, Annemarie E Ryu, Afiachukwu G Onuegbu, Christina Psaros, Sheri D Weiser, David R Bangsberg, Alexander C Tsai, Anne L Stangl, Jennifer K Lloyd, Laura M Brady, Claire E Holland, Stefan Baral, Gitau Mburu, Mala Ram, Morten Skovdal, David Bitira, Ian Hodgson, Grace W Mwai, Christine Stegling, Janet Seeley, Aparna Jain, Ratana Nuankaew, Nungruthai Mongkholwiboolphol, Arunee Banpabuth, Rachada Tuvinun, Pakprim Oranop na Ayuthaya, Kerry Richter, Li Li, Chunqing Lin, Jihui Guan, Zunyou Wu, Nelson Varas-Díaz, Torsten B Neilands, Francheska Cintrón-Bou, Melissa Marzán-Rodríguez, Axel Santos-Figueroa, Salvador Santiago-Negrón, Domingo Marques, Sheilla Rodríguez-Madera, Laura Nyblade, Aparna Jain, Manal Benkirane, Li Li, Anna-Leena Lohiniva, Roger McLean, Janet M Turan, Nelson Varas-Díaz, Francheska Cintrón-Bou, Jihui Guan, Zachary Kwena, Wendell Thomas, Sofia Gruskin, Kelly Safreed-Harmon, Tamar Ezer, Anne Gathumbi, Jonathan Cohen, Patricia Kameri-Mbote, Maria L Ekstrand, Jayashree Ramakrishna, Shalini Bharat, Elsa Heylen, Jannette Y Berkley-Patton, Erin Moore, Marcie Berman, Stephen D Simon, Carole Bowe Thompson, Thomas Schleicher, Starlyn M Hawes, John L Christensen, Lynn Carol Miller, Paul Robert Appleby, Charisse Corsbie-Massay, Carlos Gustavo Godoy, Stacy C Marsella, Stephen J Read, Kathryn Risher, Darrin Adams, Bhekie Sithole, Sosthenes Ketende, Caitlin Kennedy, Zandile Mnisi, Xolile Mabusa, Stefan D Baral, Travis Lim, Carla Zelaya, Carl Latkin, Vu Minh Quan, Constantine Frangakis, Tran Viet Ha, Nguyen Le Minh, Vivian Go. Global Action to reduce HIV stigma and discrimination. Journal of the International AIDS Society 2013. PMID:

  47. Tucker JD, von Zinkernagel DJ, Goosby EP. An inclusive rights-based foreign policy for health. Volume 382 of Issue 9894. Lancet (London, England) 2013. PMID: 23993176

  48. Goosby EP. Is Option B+ the best choice? Volume 381 of Issue 9874. Lancet (London, England) 2013. PMID: 23582389

  49. Goosby EP. US visa law: a clarification. Volume 12 of Issue 11. The Lancet. Infectious diseases 2012. PMID: 23099077

  50. Goosby E, Von Zinkernagel D, Holmes C, Haroz D, Walsh T. Raising the bar: PEPFAR and new paradigms for global health. Volume 60 Suppl 3. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2012. PMID: 22797738

  51. Goosby E, Dybul M, Fauci AS, Fauci AA, Fu J, Walsh T, Needle R, Bouey P. The United States President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief: a story of partnerships and smart investments to turn the tide of the global AIDS pandemic. Volume 60 Suppl 3. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2012. PMID: 22797740

  52. Goosby E. The way forward: maximizing our impact through shared responsibility and smart investments. Volume 60 Suppl 2. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2012. PMID: 22772391

  53. Michel Sidibé, Eric P. Goosby. Community action to end new paediatric HIV infections. Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012. PMID:

  54. Cohen MS, Holmes C, Padian N, Wolf M, Hirnschall G, Lo YR, Goosby E. HIV treatment as prevention: how scientific discovery occurred and translated rapidly into policy for the global response. Volume 31 of Issue 7. Health affairs (Project Hope) 2012. PMID: 22778333

  55. Holmes CB, Blandford JM, Sangrujee N, Stewart SR, DuBois A, Smith TR, Martin JC, Gavaghan A, Ryan CA, Goosby EP. PEPFAR's past and future efforts to cut costs, improve efficiency, and increase the impact of global HIV programs. Volume 31 of Issue 7. Health affairs (Project Hope) 2012. PMID: 22778345

  56. Goosby E. The President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief: marshalling all tools at our disposal toward an AIDS-free generation. Volume 31 of Issue 7. Health affairs (Project Hope) 2012. PMID: 22778350

  57. Clay R, CdeBaca L, De Cock KM, Goosby E, Guttmacher A, Jacobs S, Pablos-Mendez A, Polaski S, Sheldon G, Steinberg D. A call for coordinated and evidence-based action to protect children outside of family care. Volume 379 of Issue 9811. Lancet (London, England) 2011. PMID: 22166902

  58. Padian NS, Holmes CB, McCoy SI, Lyerla R, Bouey PD, Goosby EP. Implementation science for the US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). Volume 56 of Issue 3. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2011. PMID: 21239991

  59. Collins FS, Glass RI, Whitescarver J, Wakefield M, Goosby EP. Public health. Developing health workforce capacity in Africa. Volume 330 of Issue 6009. Science (New York, N.Y.) 2010. PMID: 21127233

  60. Holmes CB, Thirumurthy H, Padian NS, Goosby EP. AIDS funds: prevention. Volume 330 of Issue 6001. Science (New York, N.Y.) 2010. PMID: 20929758

  61. Holmes CB, Coggin W, Jamieson D, Mihm H, Granich R, Savio P, Hope M, Ryan C, Moloney-Kitts M, Goosby EP, Dybul M. Use of generic antiretroviral agents and cost savings in PEPFAR treatment programs. Volume 304 of Issue 3. JAMA 2010. PMID: 20639565

  62. Zhang F, Haberer JE, Wang Y, Zhao Y, Ma Y, Zhao D, Yu L, Goosby EP. The Chinese free antiretroviral treatment program: challenges and responses. Volume 21 Suppl 8. AIDS (London, England) 2007. PMID: 18172383

  63. Vlahov D, Des Jarlais DC, Goosby E, Hollinger PC, Lurie PG, Shriver MD, Strathdee SA. Needle exchange programs for the prevention of human immunodeficiency virus infection: epidemiology and policy. American journal of epidemiology 2001. PMID: 11744532

  64. Robert T. Trotter, Richard H. Needle, Eric Goosby, Christopher Bates, Merrill Singer. A Methodological Model for Rapid Assessment, Response, and Evaluation: The RARE Program in Public Health. Field Methods 2001. PMID:

  65. Richard H Needle, Robert T Trotter, Eric Goosby, Christopher Bates, Deborah Von Zinkernagel. Methodologically sound rapid assessment and response: providing timely data for policy development on drug use interventions and HIV prevention. International Journal of Drug Policy 2000. PMID:

  66. Sibel S, Macher A, Goosby E. Paronychia in patients receiving antiretroviral therapy for human immunodeficiency virus infection. Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association 2000. PMID: 10697975

  67. Fauci A, Bartlett JG, Goosby E. Early treatment of HIV-1 infection. Volume 352 of Issue 9144. Lancet (London, England) 1998. PMID: 9863813

  68. Abe M. Macher, Eric P. Goosby. Primary HIV Infection/Acute Retroviral Syndrome: An Intervention Opportunity for Correctional Facilities. Journal of Correctional Health Care 1998. PMID:

  69. Gordon M, Bihari B, Goosby E, Gorter R, Greco M, Guralnik M, Mimura T, Rudinicki V, Wong R, Kaneko Y. A placebo-controlled trial of the immune modulator, lentinan, in HIV-positive patients: a phase I/II trial. Volume 29 of Issue 5-6. Journal of medicine 1998. PMID: 10503166

  70. Macher AM, Goosby EP. Issues regarding antiretroviral treatment for patients with HIV-1 infection. Volume 278 of Issue 15. JAMA 1997. PMID: 9333261

  71. Macher AM, Goosby EP. The diagnostic laboratory as clinical consultant: public health implications. American journal of clinical pathology 1997. PMID: 9260766

  72. Macher AM, Goosby EP. Inmate access to postrelease medical care: public health implications. Archives of family medicine 1997. PMID: 9225700

  73. Macher AM, Goosby EP. Maintenance of chemoprophylaxis against Pneumocystis carinii despite combination antiretroviral treatment associated CD4+ T-lymphocytosis. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine 1997. PMID: 9105103

  74. Macher AM, Goosby EP. Physicians' experience and survival in patients with AIDS. The New England journal of medicine 1996. PMID: 8668219

  75. Macher A, Goosby E, Beller M. PCR and the misdiagnosis of active tuberculosis. The New England journal of medicine 1995. PMID: 7990902

  76. Goosby EP. Miles to go before we sleep. Volume 72 of Issue 1 Suppl. Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine 1995. PMID: 8535437

  77. Sumaya CV, Macher AM, Bowen GS, Goosby EP. From the Health Resources and Services Administration. JAMA 1994. PMID: 7933360

  78. Ciro V. Sumaya, Abe M. Macher, G. Stephen Bowen, Eric P. Goosby. Only a Phone Call Away: Educating Health Care Professionals About HIV/ AIDS. JAMA 1994. PMID:

  79. Macher A, Goosby E, Daniels E, Plotnick J. Telephone information services from USPHS. The American journal of nursing 1994. PMID: 8080014

  80. Macher A, Goosby E, Barker L, Volberding P, Goldschmidt R, Balano KB, Williams A, Hoenig L, Gould B, Daniels E. Educating primary care providers about HIV disease: multidisciplinary interactive mechanisms. Volume 109 of Issue 3. Public health reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974) 1994. PMID: 8190853

  81. McKinney MM, Wieland MK, Bowen GS, Goosby EP, Marconi KM. States' responses to Title II of the Ryan White CARE Act. Public health reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974) 1993. PMID: 8434096

  82. Bowen GS, Marconi K, Kohn S, Bailey DM, Goosby EP, Shorter S, Niemcryk S. First year of AIDS services delivery under Title I of the Ryan White CARE Act. Public health reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974) 1992. PMID: 1410229

  83. Cummings SR, Phillips SL, Wheat ME, Black D, Goosby E, Wlodarczyk D, Trafton P, Jergesen H, Winograd CH, Hulley SB. Recovery of function after hip fracture. The role of social supports. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 1988. PMID: 3411063

  84. Goosby E, Goldschlager N. Medical management of angina: nitrates, beta blockers, calcium channel blockers. Postgraduate medicine 1982. PMID: 6126868