Courtney Lyles, PhD

Assoc Professor

Center for Vulnerable Populations, General Internal Medicine UCSF Health, General Internal Medicine ZSFG

Courtney Lyles, PhD, is an affiliate Professor in the UCSF Division of General Internal Medicine at Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital and the UCSF Center for Vulnerable Populations. She is also a Professor and Director of the Center for Healthcare Research and Policy at the UC Davis School of Medicine. A trained health services researcher, she uses quantitative and qualitative methods to examine digital health, quality of care, health behavior, and health outcomes.

Her research specifically focuses on harnessing health information technology to ultimately reduce inequities in health and healthcare outcomes. Her research portfolio spans digital health design and testing, evaluation, and implementation, including several large digital health studies for improving diabetes, depression, hypertension, and referrals to community-based health and social resources. Finally, she uses large-scale datasets to conduct detailed analyses of the impact of health and healthcare programs on longitudinal outcomes.

  1. Fontil V, Khoong EC, Green BB, Ralston JD, Zhou C, Garcia F, McCulloch CE, Sarkar U, Lyles CR. Corrigendum to "Randomized trial protocol for remote monitoring for equity in advancing the control of hypertension in safety net systems (REACH-SNS) study" [Contemporary Clinical Trials Volume 126 (2023) 107112]. Contemporary clinical trials 2024. PMID: 38599995

  2. Semere W, Karter AJ, Lyles CR, Reed ME, Karliner L, Kaplan C, Liu JY, Livaudais-Toman J, Schillinger D. Care Partner Engagement in Secure Messaging Between Patients With Diabetes and Their Clinicians: Cohort Study. JMIR diabetes 2024. PMID: 38335020

  3. Koenig LR, Ko J, Valladares ES, Coeytaux FM, Wells E, Lyles CR, Upadhyay UD. Patient Acceptability of Telehealth Medication Abortion Care in the United States, 2021‒2022: A Cohort Study. American journal of public health 2024. PMID: 38237103

  4. Block VJ, Koshal K, Wijangco J, Miller N, Sara N, Henderson K, Reihm J, Gopal A, Mohan SD, Gelfand JM, Guo CY, Oommen L, Nylander A, Rowson JA, Brown E, Sanders S, Rankin K, Lyles CR, Sim I, Bove R. A Closed-Loop Falls Monitoring and Prevention App for Multiple Sclerosis Clinical Practice: Human-Centered Design of the Multiple Sclerosis Falls InsightTrack. JMIR human factors 2024. PMID: 38206662

  5. Wadhwani SI, Alvarado A, Shifman HP, Bautista B, Yalung J, Squires JE, Campbell K, Ebel NH, Hsu E, Vittorio J, Zielsdorf S, Desai DM, Bucuvalas JC, Gottlieb L, Kotagal U, Lyles CR, Ackerman SL, Lai JC. Caregivers' and providers' perspectives of social and medical care after pediatric liver transplant: Results from the multi-center SOCIAL-Tx study. Liver transplantation : official publication of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the International Liver Transplantation Society 2023. PMID: 38166123

  6. Ng MY, Olgin JE, Marcus GM, Lyles CR, Pletcher MJ. Email-Based Recruitment Into the Health eHeart Study: Cohort Analysis of Invited Eligible Patients. Journal of medical Internet research 2023. PMID: 38133910

  7. Masterson Creber R, Dodson JA, Bidwell J, Breathett K, Lyles C, Harmon Still C, Ooi SY, Yancy C, Kitsiou S, American Heart Association Cardiovascular Disease in Older Populations Committee of the Council on C. Telehealth and Health Equity in Older Adults With Heart Failure: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association. Circulation. Cardiovascular quality and outcomes 2023. PMID: 37909212

  8. Nouri S, Lyles CR, Sherwin EB, Kuznia M, Rubinsky AD, Kemper KE, Nguyen OK, Sarkar U, Schillinger D, Khoong EC. Visit and Between-Visit Interaction Frequency Before and After COVID-19 Telehealth Implementation. JAMA network open 2023. PMID: 37713198

  9. Sharma AE, Lisker S, Fields JD, Aulakh V, Figoni K, Jones ME, Arora NB, Sarkar U, Lyles CR. Language-Specific Challenges and Solutions for Equitable Telemedicine Implementation in the Primary Care Safety Net During COVID-19. Journal of general internal medicine 2023. PMID: 37653210

  10. Mehta S, Lyles CR, Rubinsky AD, Kemper KE, Auerbach J, Sarkar U, Gottlieb L, Brown Iii W. Social Determinants of Health Documentation in Structured and Unstructured Clinical Data of Patients With Diabetes: Comparative Analysis. JMIR medical informatics 2023. PMID: 37621203

  11. Iturralde E, Rubinsky AD, Nguyen KH, Anderson C, Lyles CR, Mangurian C. Serious Mental Illness, Glycemic Control, and Neighborhood Factors within an Urban Diabetes Cohort. Schizophrenia bulletin 2023. PMID: 37597839

  12. White JS, Salem MK, Toussaert S, Westmaas JL, Raiff BR, Crane D, Warrender E, Lyles C, Abroms L, Thrul J. Developing a Game (Inner Dragon) Within a Leading Smartphone App for Smoking Cessation: Design and Feasibility Evaluation Study. JMIR serious games 2023. PMID: 37566442

  13. Nouri S, Li L, Huang C, Chung A, Stokes SC, Pan S, Wong EC, Newman J, Woo JW, Cheng J, Tan CH, Wertz M, Wood-Hughes E, Quinn M, Pantilat SZ, Lyles CR, Ritchie CS, Sudore RL. "At the End I Have a Say": Engaging the Chinese Community in Advance Care Planning. Journal of pain and symptom management 2023. PMID: 37536524

  14. Dy M, Olazo K, Lyles CR, Lisker S, Weinberg J, Lee C, Tarver ME, Saha A, Kontson K, Araojo R, Brown E, Sarkar U. Usability and acceptability of virtual reality for chronic pain management among diverse patients in a safety-net setting: a qualitative analysis. JAMIA Open 2023. PMID: 37449058

  15. Delphine Tuot, Aarya Mukerjee, Amanda Churape, Triveni DeFries, George Su, Elaine Khoong, Courtney Lyles. A Volunteer Telehealth Ambassador Program to Enhance Video Visits Among Low-income Patients: Lessons from the Field (Preprint). JMIR formative research 2023. PMID:

  16. Purnell L, Sierra M, Lisker S, Lim MS, Bailey E, Sarkar U, Lyles CR, Nguyen KH. Acceptability & Usability of a Wearable Device for Sleep Health Among English- and Spanish-Speaking Patients in the Safety-Net: Qualitative Analysis. JMIR formative research 2023. PMID: 37098152

  17. Adler-Milstein JR, Krueger GN, Rosenthal SW, Rogers SE, Lyles CR. Health system approaches and experiences implementing the 4Ms: Insights from 3 early adopter health systems. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 2023. PMID: 37246845

  18. Sarah Nouri, David L. O'Riordan, Ying Shi, John Boscardin, Christine Ritchie, Courtney R. Lyles, Steven Pantilat, Rebecca L. Sudore. Quality of Virtual Versus In-Person Outpatient Palliative Care in a Large, Multisite, Diverse Sample (Sch454). Journal of pain and symptom management 2023. PMID:

  19. Sarah Nouri, Mara Quinn, Brittney Doyle, Mac McKissack, Steven Pantilat, Courtney R. Lyles, Christine Ritchie, Rebecca L. Sudore. “We've Got to Bring Information to Where People are Comfortable”: Community-Based Advance Care Planning with the Black Community (Sch403). Journal of pain and symptom management 2023. PMID:

  20. Rodriguez JA, Charles JP, Bates DW, Lyles C, Southworth B, Samal L. Digital healthcare equity in primary care: implementing an integrated digital health navigator. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA 2023. PMID: 36795062

  21. Raphael E, Azar KMJ, Gu D, Shen Z, Rubinsky A, Wang M, Pantell M, Lyles CR, Fernandez A, Bibbins-Domingo K, Pressman A, Nasrallah C, Hamad R. Racial and sociodemographic predictors of COVID-19 compared with influenza, appendicitis, and all-cause hospitalization: retrospective cohort analysis. Ethnicity & health 2023. PMID: 36907661

  22. Nouri S, Quinn M, Doyle BN, McKissack M, Johnson N, Wertz M, Tan C, Pantilat SZ, Lyles CR, Ritchie CS, Sudore RL. "We've Got to Bring Information to Where People Are Comfortable": Community-Based Advance Care Planning with the Black Community. Journal of general internal medicine 2023. PMID: 36894819

  23. Oh DL, Kemper KE, Meltzer D, Canchola AJ, Bibbins-Domingo K, Lyles CR. Neighborhood-level COVID vaccination and booster disparities: A population-level analysis across California. SSM - population health 2023. PMID: 36873265

  24. Fontil V, Khoong EC, Green BB, Ralston JD, Zhou C, Garcia F, McCulloch CE, Sarkar U, Lyles CR. Randomized trial protocol for remote monitoring for equity in advancing the control of hypertension in safety net systems (REACH-SNS) study. Contemporary clinical trials 2023. PMID: 36738916

  25. Nouri S, Tan CH, Rangel M, Wertz M, Sanchez A, Alvarado A, Arreola E, Quinn M, Pantilat SZ, Lyles CR, Ritchie CS, Sudore RL. "Advocating for what we need": A CBPR approach to advance care planning in the Latinx older adult community. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 2023. PMID: 36651685

  26. Nguyen KH, Rubinsky AD, DeRouen MC, Kemper KE, Bibbins-Domingo K, Lyles CR. Impacts of Individual Patient Language and Neighborhood Ethnic Enclave on COVID-19 Test Positivity Among Hispanic/Latinx Patients in San Francisco. Medical care 2023. PMID: 36630557

  27. Figueroa CA, Gomez-Pathak L, Khan I, Williams JJ, Lyles CR, Aguilera A. Ratings and experiences in using a mobile application to increase physical activity among university students: implications for future design. Universal access in the information society 2023. PMID: 36624825

  28. Julia Adler-Milstein, Courtney Lyles, Stephanie Rogers. HEALTH SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION, SCALING, AND IMPACT OF THE 4MS FRAMEWORK TO ADVANCE AGE-FRIENDLY CARE. Innovation in Aging 2022. PMID:

  29. Lyles CR, Nguyen OK, Khoong EC, Aguilera A, Sarkar U. Multilevel Determinants of Digital Health Equity: A Literature Synthesis to Advance the Field. Annual review of public health 2022. PMID: 36525960

  30. LR Koenig, J Ko, E Valladares, F Coeytaux, E Wells, C Lyles, UD Upadhyay. P033Patient acceptability of asynchronous vs synchronous telehealth medication abortion care in the US. Contraception 2022. PMID:

  31. Potharaju KA, Fields JD, Cemballi AG, Pantell MS, Desai R, Akom A, Shah A, Cruz T, Nguyen KH, Lyles CR. Assessing Alignment of Patient and Clinician Perspectives on Community Health Resources for Chronic Disease Management. Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland) 2022. PMID: 36292453

  32. Khoong EC, Commodore-Mensah Y, Lyles CR, Fontil V. Use of Self-Measured Blood Pressure Monitoring to Improve Hypertension Equity. Current hypertension reports 2022. PMID: 36001268

  33. Casillas A, Valdovinos C, Wang E, Abhat A, Mendez C, Gutierrez G, Portz J, Brown A, Lyles CR. Perspectives from leadership and frontline staff on telehealth transitions in the Los Angeles safety net during the COVID-19 pandemic and beyond. Frontiers in Digital Health 2022. PMID: 36016601

  34. Lyles CR, Sharma AE, Fields JD, Getachew Y, Sarkar U, Zephyrin L. Centering Health Equity in Telemedicine. Annals of family medicine 2022. PMID: 35879077

  35. Wadhwani SI, Barrera AG, Shifman HP, Baker E, Bucuvalas J, Gottlieb LM, Kotagal U, Rhee SJ, Lai JC, Lyles CR. Caregiver perspectives on the everyday medical and social needs of long-term pediatric liver transplant patients. 2022. PMID: 35524767

  36. Fontil V, Khoong EC, Lyles C, Rivadeneira NA, Olazo K, Hoskote M, Sarkar U. Diagnostic Trajectories in Primary Care at 12 Months: An Observational Cohort Study. 2022. PMID: 35649741

  37. Sharma AE, Khoong EC, Sierra M, Rivadeneira NA, Nijagal MA, Su G, Lyles CR, Defries T, Tuot D, Sarkar U. System-level factors associated with telephone and video visit use: Survey of safety-net clinicians during the early phase of COVID-19. 2022. PMID: 35148271

  38. Figueroa CA, Murayama H, Amorim PC, White A, Quiterio A, Luo T, Aguilera A, Smith ADR, Lyles CR, Robinson V, von Vacano C. Applying the Digital Health Social Justice Guide. 2022. PMID: 35295620

  39. Figueroa CA, Deliu N, Chakraborty B, Modiri A, Xu J, Aggarwal J, Jay Williams J, Lyles C, Aguilera A. Daily Motivational Text Messages to Promote Physical Activity in University Students: Results From a Microrandomized Trial. Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine 2021. PMID: 33871015

  40. Liu EF, Rubinsky AD, Pacca L, Mujahid M, Fontil V, DeRouen MC, Fields J, Bibbins-Domingo K, Lyles CR. Examining Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status as a Mediator of Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Hypertension Control Across Two San Francisco Health Systems. 2022. PMID: 35098728

  41. Lisker S, Sarkar U, Aguilera A, Lyles CR. Operationalizing Academic-Industry Partnerships to Advance Digital Health Equity: Lessons Learned. Journal of health care for the poor and underserved 2022. PMID: 36533464

  42. Laurence Cyril O. Henson, Courtney R. Lyles, Christy J. Khouderchah, Tyler J. Law. Impact of gentrification on asthma visits to the emergency department. 2021. PMID:

  43. Wadhwani SI, Ge J, Gottlieb L, Lyles C, Beck AF, Bucuvalas J, Neuhaus J, Kotagal U, Lai JC. Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Wait List Outcomes Are Only Partly Explained by Socioeconomic Deprivation Among Children Awaiting Liver Transplantation. Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.) 2021. PMID: 34387881

  44. Lyles CR, Wachter RM, Sarkar U. Focusing on Digital Health Equity. 2021. PMID: 34677577

  45. Semere W, Cemballi AG, Schillinger D, Casillas A, Lemberg M, Lyles CR. "We need to bring them out from the shadows:" A qualitative study of safety net physician leaders' perspectives on caregivers. 2021. PMID: 34756473

  46. Wadhwani SI, Gottlieb L, Bucuvalas JC, Lyles C, Lai JC. Addressing social adversity to improve outcomes for children after liver transplant. Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.) 2021. PMID: 34320247

  47. Nguyen TT, Nguyen QC, Rubinsky AD, Tasdizen T, Deligani AHN, Dwivedi P, Whitaker R, Fields JD, DeRouen MC, Mane H, Lyles CR, Brunisholz KD, Bibbins-Domingo K. Google Street View-Derived Neighborhood Characteristics in California Associated with Coronary Heart Disease, Hypertension, Diabetes. 2021. PMID: 34639726

  48. Luo TC, Aguilera A, Lyles CR, Figueroa CA. Promoting Physical Activity Through Conversational Agents: Mixed Methods Systematic Review. Journal of medical Internet research 2021. PMID: 34519653

  49. Lyles CR, Adler-Milstein J, Thao C, Lisker S, Nouri S, Sarkar U. Alignment of Key Stakeholders' Priorities for Patient-Facing Tools in Digital Health: Mixed Methods Study. Journal of medical Internet research 2021. PMID: 34435966

  50. Blacklow SO, Lisker S, Ng MY, Sarkar U, Lyles C. Usability, inclusivity, and content evaluation of COVID-19 contact tracing apps in the United States. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA 2021. PMID: 34022053

  51. Figueroa CA, Luo T, Aguilera A, Lyles CR. The need for feminist intersectionality in digital health. The Lancet. Digital health 2021. PMID: 34325855

  52. Khoong EC, Olazo K, Rivadeneira NA, Thatipelli S, Barr-Walker J, Fontil V, Lyles CR, Sarkar U. Mobile health strategies for blood pressure self-management in urban populations with digital barriers: systematic review and meta-analyses. NPJ digital medicine 2021. PMID: 34294852

  53. Nijagal MA, Patel D, Lyles C, Liao J, Chehab L, Williams S, Sammann A. Using human centered design to identify opportunities for reducing inequities in perinatal care. BMC health services research 2021. PMID: 34284758

  54. Nguyen KH, Fields JD, Cemballi AG, Desai R, Gopalan A, Cruz T, Shah A, Akom A, Brown W, Sarkar U, Lyles CR. The Role of Community-Based Organizations in Improving Chronic Care for Safety-Net Populations. Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine : JABFM 2021. PMID: 34312263

  55. Kazi DS, Wei PC, Penko J, Bellows BK, Coxson P, Bryant KB, Fontil V, Blyler CA, Lyles C, Lynch K, Ebinger J, Zhang Y, Tajeu GS, Boylan R, Pletcher MJ, Rader F, Moran AE, Bibbins-Domingo K. Scaling Up Pharmacist-Led Blood Pressure Control Programs in Black Barbershops: Projected Population Health Impact and Value. Circulation 2021. PMID: 34125566

  56. Figueroa CA, Aguilera A, Chakraborty B, Modiri A, Aggarwal J, Deliu N, Sarkar U, Jay Williams J, Lyles CR. Adaptive learning algorithms to optimize mobile applications for behavioral health: guidelines for design decisions. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA 2021. PMID: 33657217

  57. Cemballi AG, Karter AJ, Schillinger D, Liu JY, McNamara DS, Brown W, Crossley S, Semere W, Reed M, Allen J, Lyles CR. Descriptive examination of secure messaging in a longitudinal cohort of diabetes patients in the ECLIPPSE study. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA 2020. PMID: 33236117

  58. Pathak LE, Aguilera A, Williams JJ, Lyles CR, Hernandez-Ramos R, Miramontes J, Cemballi AG, Figueroa CA. Developing Messaging Content for a Physical Activity Smartphone App Tailored to Low-Income Patients: User-Centered Design and Crowdsourcing Approach. JMIR mHealth and uHealth 2021. PMID: 34009130

  59. Sharma AE, Khoong EC, Nijagal MA, Lyles CR, Su G, DeFries T, Sarkar U, Tuot D. Clinician experience with telemedicine at a safety-net hospital network during COVID-19: a cross-sectional survey. Journal of health care for the poor and underserved 2021. PMID: 37020792

  60. Hernandez-Ramos R, Aguilera A, Garcia F, Miramontes-Gomez J, Pathak LE, Figueroa CA, Lyles CR. Conducting Internet-Based Visits for Onboarding Populations With Limited Digital Literacy to an mHealth Intervention: Development of a Patient-Centered Approach. JMIR formative research 2021. PMID: 33872184

  61. Wadhwani SI, Huang CY, Gottlieb L, Beck AF, Bucuvalas J, Kotagal U, Lyles C, Lai JC. Center variation in long-term outcomes for socioeconomically deprived children. American journal of transplantation : official journal of the American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons 2021. PMID: 33565227

  62. Khoong EC, Fontil V, Rivadeneira NA, Hoskote M, Nundy S, Lyles CR, Sarkar U. Impact of digitally acquired peer diagnostic input on diagnostic confidence in outpatient cases: A pragmatic randomized trial. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA 2020. PMID: 33260212

  63. Sarah S. Nouri, Courtney R. Lyles, Anna D. Rubinsky, Kanan Patel, Riya Desai, Jessica Fields, Mindy C. DeRouen, Aiesha M. Volow, Rebecca L. Sudore. Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status Is Associated with Advance Care Planning Among Older Adults (W205D). Journal of pain and symptom management 2021. PMID:

  64. Khoong EC, Butler BA, Mesina O, Su G, DeFries TB, Nijagal M, Lyles CR. Patient interest in and barriers to telemedicine video visits in a multilingual urban safety-net system. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA 2020. PMID: 33164063

  65. Lyles CR, Sarkar U, Patel U, Lisker S, Stark A, Guzman V, Patel A. Real-world insights from launching remote peer-to-peer mentoring in a safety net healthcare delivery setting. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA 2020. PMID: 33180917

  66. Casillas A, Abhat A, Vassar SD, Huang DY, Mahajan AP, Simmons S, Lyles C, Portz J, Moreno G, Brown AF. Not Speaking the Same Language-Lower Portal Use for Limited English Proficient Patients in the Los Angeles Safety Net. 2021. PMID: 34803059

  67. Brown W, Balyan R, Karter AJ, Crossley S, Semere W, Duran ND, Lyles C, Liu J, Moffet HH, Daniels R, McNamara DS, Schillinger D. Challenges and Solutions to Employing Natural Language Processing and Machine Learning to Measure Patients' Health Literacy and Physician Writing Complexity: The ECLIPPSE Study. Journal of biomedical informatics 2020. PMID: 33316421

  68. Nouri S, Lyles CR, Rubinsky AD, Patel K, Desai R, Fields J, DeRouen MC, Volow A, Bibbins-Domingo K, Sudore RL. Evaluation of Neighborhood Socioeconomic Characteristics and Advance Care Planning Among Older Adults. JAMA network open 2020. PMID: 33301019

  69. Aguilera A, Figueroa CA, Hernandez-Ramos R, Sarkar U, Cemballi A, Gomez-Pathak L, Miramontes J, Yom-Tov E, Chakraborty B, Yan X, Xu J, Modiri A, Aggarwal J, Jay Williams J, Lyles CR. mHealth app using machine learning to increase physical activity in diabetes and depression: clinical trial protocol for the DIAMANTE Study. BMJ open 2020. PMID: 32819981

  70. Casillas A, Cemballi AG, Abhat A, Lemberg M, Portz JD, Sadasivaiah S, Ratanawongsa N, Semere W, Brown A, Lyles CR. An Untapped Potential in Primary Care: Semi-Structured Interviews with Clinicians on How Patient Portals Will Work for Caregivers in the Safety Net. Journal of medical Internet research 2020. PMID: 32706709

  71. Lyles CR, Nelson EC, Frampton S, Dykes PC, Cemballi AG, Sarkar U. Using Electronic Health Record Portals to Improve Patient Engagement: Research Priorities and Best Practices. Annals of internal medicine 2020. PMID: 32479176

  72. Nouri SS, Adler-Milstein J, Thao C, Acharya P, Barr-Walker J, Sarkar U, Lyles C. Patient characteristics associated with objective measures of digital health tool use in the United States: A literature review. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA 2020. PMID: 32364238

  73. Fields J, Cemballi AG, Michalec C, Uchida D, Griffiths K, Cardes H, Cuellar J, Chodos AH, Lyles CR. In-Home Technology Training Among Socially Isolated Older Adults: Findings From the Tech Allies Program. Journal of applied gerontology : the official journal of the Southern Gerontological Society 2020. PMID: 32141373

  74. Rodriguez JA, Lipsitz SR, Lyles CR, Samal L. Association Between Patient Portal Use and Broadband Access: a National Evaluation. Journal of general internal medicine 2020. PMID: 31925739

  75. Mayberry LS, Lyles CR, Oldenburg B, Osborn CY, Parks M, Peek ME. mHealth Interventions for Disadvantaged and Vulnerable People with Type 2 Diabetes. Current diabetes reports 2019. PMID: 31768662

  76. Lin SC, Lyles CR, Sarkar U, Adler-Milstein J. Are Patients Electronically Accessing Their Medical Records? Evidence From National Hospital Data. Health affairs (Project Hope) 2019. PMID: 31682494

  77. Avila-Garcia P, Hernandez-Ramos R, Nouri SS, Cemballi A, Sarkar U, Lyles CR, Aguilera A. Engaging users in the design of an mHealth, text message-based intervention to increase physical activity at a safety-net health care system. JAMIA Open 2019. PMID: 32025646

  78. Nouri SS, Avila-Garcia P, Cemballi AG, Sarkar U, Aguilera A, Lyles CR. Assessing Mobile Phone Digital Literacy and Engagement in User-Centered Design in a Diverse, Safety-Net Population: Mixed Methods Study. JMIR mHealth and uHealth 2019. PMID: 31469083

  79. Semere W, Crossley S, Karter AJ, Lyles CR, Brown W, Reed M, McNamara DS, Liu JY, Schillinger D. Secure Messaging with Physicians by Proxies for Patients with Diabetes: Findings from the ECLIPPSE Study. Journal of general internal medicine 2019. PMID: 31428986

  80. Lyson HC, Le GM, Zhang J, Rivadeneira N, Lyles C, Radcliffe K, Pasick RJ, Sawaya G, Sarkar U, Centola D. Social Media as a Tool to Promote Health Awareness: Results from an Online Cervical Cancer Prevention Study. Journal of cancer education : the official journal of the American Association for Cancer Education 2018. PMID: 29948924

  81. Khoong EC, Cherian R, Matta GY, Lyles CR, Schillinger D, Ratanawongsa N. Perspectives of English, Chinese, and Spanish-Speaking Safety-Net Patients on Clinician Computer Use: Qualitative Analysis. Journal of medical Internet research 2019. PMID: 31120020

  82. Ruvalcaba D, Nagao Peck H, Lyles C, Uratsu CS, Escobar PR, Grant RW. Translating/Creating a Culturally Responsive Spanish-Language Mobile App for Visit Preparation: Case Study of "Trans-Creation". JMIR mHealth and uHealth 2019. PMID: 30950803

  83. Sadasivaiah S, Lyles CR, Kiyoi S, Wong P, Ratanawongsa N. Disparities in Patient-Reported Interest in Web-Based Patient Portals: Survey at an Urban Academic Safety-Net Hospital. Journal of medical Internet research 2019. PMID: 30912747

  84. Lyles CR, Gupta R, Tieu L, Fernandez A. After-visit summaries in primary care: mixed methods results from a literature review and stakeholder interviews. Family practice 2018. PMID: 29846584

  85. Mary E Lacy, Courtney R Lyles, Mahasin S Mujahid, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, Mark J Pletcher. Abstract P084: Neighborhood Deprivation is Associated With Diabetes Complications: Results From the UCSF Population Health Data Initiative. Circulation 2019. PMID:

  86. Lyles CR, Tieu L, Sarkar U, Kiyoi S, Sadasivaiah S, Hoskote M, Ratanawongsa N, Schillinger D. A Randomized Trial to Train Vulnerable Primary Care Patients to Use a Patient Portal. Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine : JABFM 2019. PMID: 30850461

  87. Grant RW, Lyles C, Uratsu CS, Vo MT, Bayliss EA, Heisler M. Visit Planning Using a Waiting Room Health IT Tool: The Aligning Patients and Providers Randomized Controlled Trial. Annals of family medicine 2019. PMID: 30858257

  88. Balyan R, Crossley SA, Brown W, Karter AJ, McNamara DS, Liu JY, Lyles CR, Schillinger D. Using natural language processing and machine learning to classify health literacy from secure messages: The ECLIPPSE study. PloS one 2019. PMID: 30794616

  89. Le GM, Radcliffe K, Lyles C, Lyson HC, Wallace B, Sawaya G, Pasick R, Centola D, Sarkar U. Perceptions of cervical cancer prevention on Twitter uncovered by different sampling strategies. PloS one 2019. PMID: 30742683

  90. Fontil V, Radcliffe K, Lyson HC, Ratanawongsa N, Lyles C, Tuot D, Yuen K, Sarkar U. Testing and improving the acceptability of a web-based platform for collective intelligence to improve diagnostic accuracy in primary care clinics. JAMIA Open 2019. PMID: 31984344

  91. Stephen Kiyoi, Courtney Lyles, Shobha Sadasivaiah. Chapter 3 Collaborating to Connect the Underserved With Patient Portals. 2019. PMID:

  92. Lyson HC, Ackerman S, Lyles C, Schillinger D, Williams P, Gourley G, Gupta R, Handley M, Sarkar U. Redesigning primary care in the safety net: A qualitative analysis of team-based care implementation. Healthcare (Amsterdam, Netherlands) 2018. PMID: 30552044

  93. Valy Fontil, Elaine Khoong, Mekhala Hoskote, Kate Radcliffe, Neda Ratanawongsa, Courtney Rees Lyles, Urmimala Sarkar. Evaluation of an health-IT-enabled collective intelligence platform to improve diagnosis in primary care and urgent care settings: Study Design (Preprint). 2018. PMID:

  94. King F, Klonoff DC, Kerr D, Hu J, Lyles C, Quinn C, Adi S, Chen K, Hood K, Salber P, de Clercq C, Hu J, Gabbay R. Digital Diabetes Congress 2018. Journal of diabetes science and technology 2018. PMID: 30376739

  95. Lyles CR, Handley MA, Ackerman SL, Schillinger D, Williams P, Westbrook M, Gourley G, Sarkar U. Innovative Implementation Studies Conducted in US Safety Net Health Care Settings: A Systematic Review. American journal of medical quality : the official journal of the American College of Medical Quality 2018. PMID: 30198304

  96. Chan B, Lyles C, Kaplan C, Lam R, Karliner L. A Comparison of Electronic Patient-Portal Use Among Patients with Resident and Attending Primary Care Providers. Journal of general internal medicine 2018. PMID: 30187376

  97. Lyles CR, Lunn MR, Obedin-Maliver J, Bibbins-Domingo K. The new era of precision population health: insights for the All of Us Research Program and beyond. Journal of translational medicine 2018. PMID: 30053823

  98. Fontil V, Lyles CR, Schillinger D, Handley MA, Ackerman S, Gourley G, Bibbins-Domingo K, Sarkar U. Safety-net institutions in the US grapple with new cholesterol treatment guidelines: a qualitative analysis from the PHoENIX Network. Risk management and healthcare policy 2018. PMID: 30034258

  99. Sarkar U, Le GM, Lyles CR, Ramo D, Linos E, Bibbins-Domingo K. Using Social Media to Target Cancer Prevention in Young Adults: Viewpoint. Volume 20 of Issue 6. Journal of medical Internet research 2018. PMID: 29871850

  100. Matta GY, Khoong EC, Lyles CR, Schillinger D, Ratanawongsa N. Finding Meaning in Medication Reconciliation Using Electronic Health Records: Qualitative Analysis in Safety Net Primary and Specialty Care. JMIR medical informatics 2018. PMID: 29735477

  101. Handley MA, Lyles CR, McCulloch C, Cattamanchi A. Selecting and Improving Quasi-Experimental Designs in Effectiveness and Implementation Research. Volume 39. Annual review of public health 2018. PMID: 29328873

  102. Kowalski CP, McQuillan DB, Chawla N, Lyles C, Altschuler A, Uratsu CS, Bayliss EA, Heisler M, Grant RW. 'The Hand on the Doorknob': Visit Agenda Setting by Complex Patients and Their Primary Care Physicians. Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine : JABFM 2018. PMID: 29330237

  103. Chang E, Blondon K, Lyles CR, Jordan L, Ralston JD. Racial/ethnic variation in devices used to access patient portals. The American journal of managed care 2018. PMID: 29350513

  104. Ackerman SL, Sarkar U, Tieu L, Handley MA, Schillinger D, Hahn K, Hoskote M, Gourley G, Lyles C. Meaningful use in the safety net: a rapid ethnography of patient portal implementation at five community health centers in California. Volume 24 of Issue 5. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA 2017. PMID: 28340229

  105. Ratanawongsa N, Matta GY, Lyles CR, Koenig CJ, Barton JL, Yu K, Schillinger D. Multitasking and Silent Electronic Health Record Use in Ambulatory Visits. Volume 177 of Issue 9. JAMA internal medicine 2017. PMID: 28672379

  106. Lyles CR, Fruchterman J, Youdelman M, Schillinger D. Legal, Practical, and Ethical Considerations for Making Online Patient Portals Accessible for All. American journal of public health 2017. PMID: 28817324

  107. Clarity C, Gourley G, Lyles C, Ackerman S, Handley MA, Schillinger D, Sarkar U, Conigliaro J. Implementation Science Workshop: Barriers and Facilitators to Increasing Mammography Screening Rates in California's Public Hospitals. Volume 32 of Issue 6. Journal of general internal medicine 2017. PMID: 28188571

  108. Hemmat S, Schillinger D, Lyles C, Ackerman S, Gourley G, Vittinghoff E, Handley M, Sarkar U. Performance Measurement and Target-Setting in California's Safety Net Health Systems. Volume 33 of Issue 2. American journal of medical quality : the official journal of the American College of Medical Quality 2017. PMID: 28555507

  109. Karter AJ, Parker MM, Solomon MD, Lyles CR, Adams AS, Moffet HH, Reed ME. Effect of Out-of-Pocket Cost on Medication Initiation, Adherence, and Persistence among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: The Diabetes Study of Northern California (DISTANCE). Health services research 2017. PMID: 28474736

  110. Lyles C, Sarkar U. Seeing the Effect of Health Care Delivery Innovation in the Safety Net. Volume 177 of Issue 5. JAMA internal medicine 2017. PMID: 28346579

  111. Tieu L, Schillinger D, Sarkar U, Hoskote M, Hahn KJ, Ratanawongsa N, Ralston JD, Lyles CR. Online patient websites for electronic health record access among vulnerable populations: portals to nowhere? Volume 24 of Issue e1. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA 2017. PMID: 27402138

  112. Lyles CR, Ratanawongsa N, Bolen SD, Samal L. mHealth and Health Information Technology Tools for Diverse Patients with Diabetes. Journal of diabetes research 2017. PMID: 28326330

  113. Schillinger D, McNamara D, Crossley S, Lyles C, Moffet HH, Sarkar U, Duran N, Allen J, Liu J, Oryn D, Ratanawongsa N, Karter AJ. The Next Frontier in Communication and the ECLIPPSE Study: Bridging the Linguistic Divide in Secure Messaging. Volume 2017. Journal of diabetes research 2017. PMID: 28265579

  114. Muller I, Rowsell A, Stuart B, Hayter V, Little P, Ganahl K, Müller G, Doyle G, Chang P, Lyles CR, Nutbeam D, Yardley L. Effects on Engagement and Health Literacy Outcomes of Web-Based Materials Promoting Physical Activity in People With Diabetes: An International Randomized Trial. Journal of medical Internet research 2017. PMID: 28115299

  115. Lyles CR, Allen JY, Poole D, Tieu L, Kanter MH, Garrido T. "I Want to Keep the Personal Relationship With My Doctor": Understanding Barriers to Portal Use among African Americans and Latinos. Journal of medical Internet research 2016. PMID: 27697748

  116. Sarkar U, Lyles C, Steinman M, Huang ES, Moffet HH, Whitmer RA, Warton EM, Karter AJ. Changes in Medication Use After Dementia Diagnosis in an Observational Cohort of Individuals with Diabetes Mellitus. Volume 65 of Issue 1. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 2016. PMID: 27642180

  117. Lyles CR, Altschuler A, Chawla N, Kowalski C, McQuillan D, Bayliss E, Heisler M, Grant RW. User-Centered Design of a Tablet Waiting Room Tool for Complex Patients to Prioritize Discussion Topics for Primary Care Visits. JMIR mHealth and uHealth 2016. PMID: 27627965

  118. Sarkar U, Gourley GI, Lyles CR, Tieu L, Clarity C, Newmark L, Singh K, Bates DW. Usability of Commercially Available Mobile Applications for Diverse Patients. Volume 31 of Issue 12. Journal of general internal medicine 2016. PMID: 27418347

  119. Ippolito MM, Lyles CR, Prendergast K, Marshall MB, Waxman E, Seligman HK. Food insecurity and diabetes self-management among food pantry clients. Public health nutrition 2016. PMID: 27406399

  120. Lyles CR, Godbehere A, Le G, El Ghaoui L, Sarkar U. Applying Sparse Machine Learning Methods to Twitter: Analysis of the 2012 Change in Pap Smear Guidelines. A Sequential Mixed-Methods Study. Volume 2 of Issue 1. JMIR public health and surveillance 2016. PMID: 27288093

  121. Ratanawongsa N, Barton JL, Lyles CR, Wu M, Yelin EH, Martinez D, Schillinger D. Computer use, language, and literacy in safety net clinic communication. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA 2016. PMID: 27274017

  122. Garg SK, Lyles CR, Ackerman S, Handley MA, Schillinger D, Gourley G, Aulakh V, Sarkar U. Qualitative analysis of programmatic initiatives to text patients with mobile devices in resource-limited health systems. Volume 16. BMC medical informatics and decision making 2016. PMID: 26851941

  123. Ratanawongsa N, Barton JL, Lyles CR, Wu M, Yelin EH, Martinez D, Schillinger D. Association Between Clinician Computer Use and Communication With Patients in Safety-Net Clinics. JAMA internal medicine 2016. PMID: 26619393

  124. Tuot DS, Leeds K, Murphy EJ, Sarkar U, Lyles CR, Mekonnen T, Chen AH. Facilitators and barriers to implementing electronic referral and/or consultation systems: a qualitative study of 16 health organizations. Volume 15. BMC health services research 2015. PMID: 26687507

  125. Tieu L, Sarkar U, Schillinger D, Ralston JD, Ratanawongsa N, Pasick R, Lyles CR. Barriers and Facilitators to Online Portal Use Among Patients and Caregivers in a Safety Net Health Care System: A Qualitative Study. Volume 17 of Issue 12. Journal of medical Internet research 2015. PMID: 26681155

  126. Urmimala Sarkar, David Lown, Sara Ackerman, Courtney Lyles, Gato Gourley, Dean Schillinger, Margaret A Handley. Coordinated performance measurement and improvement efforts in California's safety net systems: early experience and lessons. Implementation Science 2015. PMID:

  127. Seligman HK, Lyles C, Marshall MB, Prendergast K, Smith MC, Headings A, Bradshaw G, Rosenmoss S, Waxman E. A Pilot Food Bank Intervention Featuring Diabetes-Appropriate Food Improved Glycemic Control Among Clients In Three States. Health affairs (Project Hope) 2015. PMID: 26526255

  128. Rowsell A, Muller I, Murray E, Little P, Byrne CD, Ganahl K, Müller G, Gibney S, Lyles CR, Lucas A, Nutbeam D, Yardley L. Views of People With High and Low Levels of Health Literacy About a Digital Intervention to Promote Physical Activity for Diabetes: A Qualitative Study in Five Countries. Journal of medical Internet research 2015. PMID: 26459743

  129. Mirsky JB, Tieu L, Lyles C, Sarkar U. A Mixed-Methods Study of Patient-Provider E-Mail Content in a Safety-Net Setting. Volume 21 of Issue 1. Journal of health communication 2015. PMID: 26332306

  130. Lyles CR, Sarkar U, Schillinger D, Ralston JD, Allen JY, Nguyen R, Karter AJ. Refilling medications through an online patient portal: consistent improvements in adherence across racial/ethnic groups. Volume 23 of Issue e1. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA 2015. PMID: 26335983

  131. Lyles CR, Seligman HK, Parker MM, Moffet HH, Adler N, Schillinger D, Piette JD, Karter AJ. Financial Strain and Medication Adherence among Diabetes Patients in an Integrated Health Care Delivery System: The Diabetes Study of Northern California (DISTANCE). Health services research 2015. PMID: 26256117

  132. Mirsky JB, Tieu L, Lyles C, Sarkar U. Readability assessment of patient-provider electronic messages in a primary care setting. Volume 23 of Issue 1. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA 2015. PMID: 26177659

  133. Lyles C, Schillinger D, Sarkar U. Connecting the Dots: Health Information Technology Expansion and Health Disparities. Volume 12 of Issue 7. PLoS medicine 2015. PMID: 26172977

  134. Courtney R. Lyles, Mark Nord, Jeyling Chou, Christine M. L. Kwan, Hilary K. Seligman. The San Francisco Chinese Food Security Module: Validation of a Translation of the US Household Food Security Survey Module. Journal of hunger & environmental nutrition 2015. PMID:

  135. Lyles CR, Sarkar U. Health literacy, vulnerable patients, and health information technology use: where do we go from here? Volume 30 of Issue 3. Journal of general internal medicine 2015. PMID: 25588688

  136. Rosland AM, Piette JD, Lyles CR, Parker MM, Moffet HH, Adler NE, Schillinger D, Karter AJ. Social support and lifestyle vs. medical diabetes self-management in the diabetes study of Northern California (DISTANCE). Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine 2014. PMID: 24794624

  137. Lyles CR, Schafer AL, Seligman HK. Income, food insecurity, and osteoporosis among older adults in the 2007-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Volume 25 of Issue 4. Journal of health care for the poor and underserved 2014. PMID: 25418225

  138. Chavez LJ, Ornelas IJ, Lyles CR, Williams EC. Racial/ethnic workplace discrimination: association with tobacco and alcohol use. American journal of preventive medicine 2014. PMID: 25441232

  139. Lyles CR, Sarkar U, Osborn CY. Getting a technology-based diabetes intervention ready for prime time: a review of usability testing studies. Volume 14 of Issue 10. Current diabetes reports 2014. PMID: 25173689

  140. C. Spees, K. Prendergast, E. Waxman, C. Lyles, K. Wolf, H. Seligman. Perceived Health Status Is Associated with Barriers to Diabetes Self-Management in Food Pantry Clients. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics 2014. PMID:

  141. Berkowitz SA, Karter AJ, Lyles CR, Liu JY, Schillinger D, Adler NE, Moffet HH, Sarkar U. Low socioeconomic status is associated with increased risk for hypoglycemia in diabetes patients: the Diabetes Study of Northern California (DISTANCE). Volume 25 of Issue 2. Journal of health care for the poor and underserved 2014. PMID: 24858863

  142. Sarkar U, Lyles CR, Parker MM, Allen J, Nguyen R, Moffet HH, Schillinger D, Karter AJ. Use of the refill function through an online patient portal is associated with improved adherence to statins in an integrated health system. Volume 52 of Issue 3. Medical care 2014. PMID: 24374412

  143. Moffet HH, Warton EM, Parker MM, Liu JY, Lyles CR, Karter AJ. The DISTANCE model for collaborative research: distributing analytic effort using scrambled data sets. Information security and computer fraud 2014. PMID: 25584364

  144. Lyles CR, Aulakh V, Jameson W, Schillinger D, Yee H, Sarkar U. Innovation and transformation in California's safety net health care settings: an inside perspective. Volume 29 of Issue 6. American journal of medical quality : the official journal of the American College of Medical Quality 2013. PMID: 24170938

  145. Lyles CR, Drago-Ferguson S, Lopez A, Seligman HK. Nutritional assessment of free meal programs in San Francisco. Preventing chronic disease 2013. PMID: 23721791

  146. Lyles CR, Sarkar U, Ralston JD, Adler N, Schillinger D, Moffet HH, Huang ES, Karter AJ. Patient-provider communication and trust in relation to use of an online patient portal among diabetes patients: The Diabetes and Aging Study. Volume 20 of Issue 6. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA 2013. PMID: 23676243

  147. Courtney R Lyles,Dean Schillinger. Patient–provider communication and diabetes medication adherence: where do we go from here?. Diabetes Management 2013. PMID:

  148. Lyles CR, Schillinger D, Lopez A, Handley M, Ratanawongsa N, Sarkar U. Safety events during an automated telephone self-management support intervention. Volume 7 of Issue 3. Journal of diabetes science and technology 2013. PMID: 23759391

  149. Yu MK, Lyles CR, Bent-Shaw LA, Young BA. Sex disparities in diabetes process of care measures and self-care in high-risk patients. Journal of diabetes research 2013. PMID: 23671877

  150. Lyles CR, Sarkar U. Additional considerations for 'Harnessing the cloud of patient experience'. Volume 22 of Issue 8. BMJ quality & safety 2013. PMID: 23476069

  151. Lyles CR, López A, Pasick R, Sarkar U. "5 mins of uncomfyness is better than dealing with cancer 4 a lifetime": an exploratory qualitative analysis of cervical and breast cancer screening dialogue on Twitter. Volume 28 of Issue 1. Journal of cancer education : the official journal of the American Association for Cancer Education 2013. PMID: 23132231

  152. Baxi S, Lakin J, Lyles CR, Berkowitz S, Horton C, Sarkar U. Points for improvement: performance measurement for glycemic control in diabetes patients in a safety-net population. Volume 39 of Issue 3. Joint Commission journal on quality and patient safety 2013. PMID: 23516760

  153. Schickedanz A, Huang D, Lopez A, Cheung E, Lyles CR, Bodenheimer T, Sarkar U. Access, interest, and attitudes toward electronic communication for health care among patients in the medical safety net. Volume 28 of Issue 7. Journal of general internal medicine 2013. PMID: 23423453

  154. Ratanawongsa N, Karter AJ, Parker MM, Lyles CR, Heisler M, Moffet HH, Adler N, Warton EM, Schillinger D. Communication and medication refill adherence: the Diabetes Study of Northern California. JAMA internal medicine 2013. PMID: 23277199

  155. Lyles CR, Wolf MS, Schillinger D, Davis TC, Dewalt D, Dahlke AR, Curtis L, Seligman HK. Food insecurity in relation to changes in hemoglobin A1c, self-efficacy, and fruit/vegetable intake during a diabetes educational intervention. Diabetes care 2012. PMID: 23275354

  156. Lyles CR, Grothaus L, Reid RJ, Sarkar U, Ralston JD. Communication about diabetes risk factors during between-visit encounters. Volume 18 of Issue 12. The American journal of managed care 2012. PMID: 23286610

  157. Kirchhoff AC, Lyles CR, Fluchel M, Wright J, Leisenring W. Limitations in health care access and utilization among long-term survivors of adolescent and young adult cancer. Cancer 2012. PMID: 23007632

  158. Yu MK, Lyles CR, Bent-Shaw LA, Young BA. Risk factor, age and sex differences in chronic kidney disease prevalence in a diabetic cohort: the pathways study. American journal of nephrology 2012. PMID: 22964976

  159. Lyles CR, Harris LT, Jordan L, Grothaus L, Wehnes L, Reid RJ, Ralston JD. Patient race/ethnicity and shared medical record use among diabetes patients. Medical care 2012. PMID: 22354209

  160. Katon W, Lyles CR, Parker MM, Karter AJ, Huang ES, Whitmer RA. Association of depression with increased risk of dementia in patients with type 2 diabetes: the Diabetes and Aging Study. Archives of general psychiatry 2011. PMID: 22147809

  161. Anne C. Kirchhoff, Courtney Rees Lyles, Mark N. Fluchel, Wendy Leisenring. Abstract B23: Health care access and utilization of adolescent and young adult cancer survivors. Behavioral and Social Science 2011. PMID:

  162. Spigner C, Lyles CR, Galvin G, Sabin J, Davis C, Dick A, Young BA. A qualitative assessment of personal and social responsibility for kidney disease: the Increasing Kidney Disease Awareness Network Transplant Project. Journal of the National Medical Association 2011. PMID: 22364056

  163. Moskowitz D, Lyles CR, Karter AJ, Adler N, Moffet HH, Schillinger D. Patient reported interpersonal processes of care and perceived social position: the Diabetes Study of Northern California (DISTANCE). Patient education and counseling 2011. PMID: 21855266

  164. Lyles CR, Karter AJ, Young BA, Spigner C, Grembowski D, Schillinger D, Adler N. Provider factors and patient-reported healthcare discrimination in the Diabetes Study of California (DISTANCE). Patient education and counseling 2011. PMID: 21605956

  165. Lyles CR, Karter AJ, Young BA, Spigner C, Grembowski D, Schillinger D, Adler N. Patient-reported racial/ethnic healthcare provider discrimination and medication intensification in the Diabetes Study of Northern California (DISTANCE). Journal of general internal medicine 2011. PMID: 21547610

  166. Lyles CR, Harris LT, Le T, Flowers J, Tufano J, Britt D, Hoath J, Hirsch IB, Goldberg HI, Ralston JD. Qualitative evaluation of a mobile phone and web-based collaborative care intervention for patients with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes technology & therapeutics 2011. PMID: 21406018

  167. Lyles CR, Karter AJ, Young BA, Spigner C, Grembowski D, Schillinger D, Adler NE. Correlates of patient-reported racial/ethnic health care discrimination in the Diabetes Study of Northern California (DISTANCE). Journal of health care for the poor and underserved 2011. PMID: 21317516

  168. Harris LT, Tufano J, Le T, Rees C, Lewis GA, Evert AB, Flowers J, Collins C, Hoath J, Hirsch IB, Goldberg HI, Ralston JD. Designing mobile support for glycemic control in patients with diabetes. Journal of biomedical informatics 2010. PMID: 20937484

  169. Rees CA, Karter AJ, Young BA. Race/ethnicity, social support, and associations with diabetes self-care and clinical outcomes in NHANES. The Diabetes educator 2010. PMID: 20332281