Cindy Lai, MD

Professor of Clinical Medicine

Hospital Medicine, Hospital Medicine UCSF Health

Dr. Lai is a general internist who attends on the medicine wards at UCSF Health/Parnassus and has a primary care practice at UCSF/Mt. Zion, where she precepts residents and students. She serves as the Gold-Headed Cane Endowed Education Chair in Internal Medicine. She is the director of medical student clinical education for the Department of Medicine (clerkship director), and oversees the Parnassus site. Dr. Lai is a deputy editor for the Journal of General Internal Medicine and an editor for the First Aid for the Internal Medicine Boards. Dr. Lai has been recognized with teaching and mentoring awards and is a member of the Haile T. Debas Academy of Medical Educators. She completed an internal medicine residency at Massachusetts General Hospital and a general medicine clinician-educator fellowship at UCSF.

  1. Ziv T, Wamsley M, Lai CJ, Griffiths EP, Maxey A, Kryzhanovskaya IE, Teherani A. A is for advocacy: How introducing student advocacy assessment impacts longitudinal integrated clerkship students and clinical supervisors. Medical teacher 2021. PMID: 34433360

  2. Raj JM, Lai CJ, Higgins S, Chretien KC, Barton T, Kroker-Bode CA, Calderon A, Apaloo C, Shaheen AW. AAIM Principles and Recommendations for the 2021-2022 Internal Medicine Residency Interview Cycle in Response to the Continued COVID-19 Pandemic. The American journal of medicine 2021. PMID: 34411522

  3. Onumah CM, Lai CJ, Levine D, Ismail N, Pincavage AT, Osman NY. Aiming for Equity in Clerkship Grading: Recommendations for Reducing the Effects of Structural and Individual Bias. The American journal of medicine 2021. PMID: 34144012

  4. Bullock JL, Seligman L, Lai CJ, O'Sullivan PS, Hauer KE. Moving toward Mastery: Changes in Student Perceptions of Clerkship Assessment with Pass/Fail Grading and Enhanced Feedback. Teaching and learning in medicine 2021. PMID: 34014793

  5. Packer CD, Duca NS, Dhaliwal G, Ismail N, Pincavage AT, Kisielewski M, DeWaay D, Walsh K, Lai CJ. Grade Appeals in the Internal Medicine Clerkship: A National Survey and Recommendations for Improvement. The American journal of medicine 2021. PMID: 33675735

  6. Sukumar S, Zakaria A, Lai CJ, Sakumoto M, Khanna R, Choi N. Designing and Implementing a Novel Virtual Rounds Curriculum for Medical Students' Internal Medicine Clerkship During the COVID-19 Pandemic. MedEdPORTAL : the journal of teaching and learning resources 2021. PMID: 33768143

  7. McDonald JA, Lai CJ, Lin MYC, O'Sullivan PS, Hauer KE. "There Is a Lot of Change Afoot": A Qualitative Study of Faculty Adaptation to Elimination of Tiered Grades With Increased Emphasis on Feedback in Core Clerkships. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges 2020. PMID: 32909998

  8. Daya S, Choi N, Harrison JD, Lai CJ. Advocacy in action: Medical student reflections of an experiential curriculum. The clinical teacher 2020. PMID: 33058502

  9. Nagarur A, Lai CJ, Simmons LH, Kisielewski M, Ratcliffe TA, DeWaay DJ, Mattison MLP, Thapa B, Ziperstein JC, Johnston KT. Internal Medicine Student Education on Direct-Care Hospital Medicine Services: Results of a National Survey. The American journal of medicine 2020. PMID: 32278844

  10. Sankey C, Williams W, Bhatnagar D, Miller CS, Lai CJ. Why and how to prepare, write and submit clinical cases. The clinical teacher 2020. PMID: 31923927

  11. Glod SA, Alexandraki I, Jasti H, Lai CJ, Ratcliffe TA, Walsh K, Kisielewski M, LaRochelle J. Clerkship Roles and Responsibilities in a Rapidly Changing Landscape: a National Survey of Internal Medicine Clerkship Directors. Journal of general internal medicine 2020. PMID: 31898141

  12. Bullock JL, Lai CJ, Lockspeiser T, O'Sullivan P, Aronowitz P, Dellmore D, Fung CC, Knight C, Hauer KE. In Pursuit of Honors: A Multi-Institutional Study of Students' Perceptions of Clerkship Evaluation and Grading. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges 2019. PMID: 31365406

  13. Choi N, Daya S, Lai C. Promoting patient advocacy through a medicine clerkship curriculum. Medical education 2019. PMID: 31650600

  14. Lai CJ, Jackson AV, Wheeler M, Dhaliwal G, Ziv TA, Kryzhanovskaya I, Teherani A. A framework to promote equity in clinical clerkships. The clinical teacher 2019. PMID: 31486273

  15. Le T, Baudendistel T, Chin-Hong P, Lai C, eds. First Aid for the Internal Medicine Boards First Aid for the Internal Medicine Boards 2017. PMID:

  16. Lai C, Ziv T, Wheeler M, Stoltz S, Dhaliwal G. “Collective wisdom”: Assigning honors grades in a multi-site internal medicine clerkship through team calibration Academic Internal Medicine Insight 2017. PMID:

  17. Poncelet A, Lai CJ. Going from good to great: explicating norms through continuity in the clinical workplace. Medical education 2017. PMID: 28699293

  18. Gonzalo JD, Dekhtyar M, Starr SR, Borkan J, Brunett P, Fancher T, Green J, Grethlein SJ, Lai C, Lawson L, Monrad S, O'Sullivan P, Schwartz MD, Skochelak S. Health Systems Science Curricula in Undergraduate Medical Education: Identifying and Defining a Potential Curricular Framework. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges 2017. PMID: 27049541

  19. Lai C, Batalden M, Khan A. Longitudinal Integrated Clerkships: Principles, Outcomes, Practical Tools, and Future Directions. Editors: Poncelet A, Hirsh D Inpatient Education for Longitudinal Integrated Clerkships 2016. PMID:

  20. . Decision Support in Medicine, LLC Clinical Decision Support: Hospital Medicine 2016. PMID:

  21. Pennington K, Tong IL, Lai CJ, O'Sullivan PS, Sheu L. The Value of Student-Run Clinics for Premedical Students: A Multi-Institutional Study. Journal of health care for the poor and underserved 2016. PMID: 27524745

  22. Stebbins MR, Frear ME, Cutler TW, Lightwood JM, Fingado AR, Lai CJ, Lipton HL. Pharmacy students teaching prescribers strategies to lower prescription drug costs for underserved patients. Journal of managed care pharmacy : JMCP 2013. PMID: 23964614

  23. Chittenden EH, Anderson WG, Lai CJ, O'Sullivan P. An evaluation of interactive web-based curricula for teaching code status discussions. Journal of palliative medicine 2013. PMID: 23937063

  24. Ouyang D, Yuan N, Sheu L, Lau G, Chen C, Lai CJ. Community health education at student-run clinics leads to sustained improvement in patients' hepatitis B knowledge. Journal of community health 2013. PMID: 23161212

  25. Sheu L, O'Brien B, O'Sullivan PS, Kwong A, Lai CJ. Systems-based practice learning opportunities in student-run clinics: a qualitative analysis of student experiences. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges 2013. PMID: 23619068

  26. Rennke S, Mackin L, Wallhagen M, Tam E, Jue V, Smoot B, Lai C. GeriWard: An interprofessional curriculum for health professions student teams on systems-based care of the hospitalized older adult MedEdPORTAL 2013. PMID:

  27. Sheu L, Lai CJ, Coelho AD, Lin LD, Zheng P, Hom P, Diaz V, O'Sullivan PS. Impact of student-run clinics on preclinical sociocultural and interprofessional attitudes: a prospective cohort analysis. Journal of health care for the poor and underserved 2012. PMID: 24212159

  28. Batalden M, Lai CJ. The Alliance for Clinical Education Guidebook for Clerkship Directors Inpatient Medicine in Longitudinal Integrated Clerkships 2012. PMID:

  29. Le T, Chin-Hong, PV, Baudendistel TE, Lai CJ, Editors. First Aid for the Internal Medicine Boards First Aid for the Internal Medicine Boards 2011. PMID:

  30. Lai CJ, Smith AR, Stebbins MR, Cutler TW, Lipton HL. Promoting interprofessional collaboration: pharmacy students teaching current and future prescribers about Medicare Part D. Journal of managed care pharmacy : JMCP 2011. PMID: 21787029

  31. Sheu LC, Zheng P, Coelho AD, Lin LD, O'Sullivan PS, O'Brien BC, Yu AY, Lai CJ. Learning through service: student perceptions on volunteering at interprofessional hepatitis B student-run clinics. Journal of cancer education : the official journal of the American Association for Cancer Education 2011. PMID: 20652476

  32. Poncelet A, Bokser S, Calton B, Hauer KE, Kirsch H, Jones T, Lai CJ, Mazotti L, Shore W, Teherani A, Tong L, Wamsley M, Robertson P. Development of a longitudinal integrated clerkship at an academic medical center. Medical education online 2011. PMID: 21475642

  33. Lipton HL, Lai CJ, Cutler TW, Smith AR, Stebbins MR. Peer-to-peer interprofessional health policy education for Medicare part D. American journal of pharmaceutical education 2010. PMID: 21045944

  34. Sheu LC, Toy BC, Kwahk E, Yu A, Adler J, Lai CJ. A model for interprofessional health disparities education: student-led curriculum on chronic hepatitis B infection. Journal of general internal medicine 2010. PMID: 20352509

  35. Hill-Sakurai LE, Lee CA, Schickedanz A, Maa J, Lai CJ. A professional development course for the clinical clerkships: developing a student-centered curriculum. Journal of general internal medicine 2008. PMID: 18612725

  36. Lai CJ, Nye HE, Bookwalter T, Kwan A, Hauer KE. Postdischarge follow-up visits for medical and pharmacy students on an inpatient medicine clerkship. Journal of hospital medicine 2008. PMID: 18257097

  37. Lai CJ, Nguyen TT, Hwang J, Stewart SL, Kwan A, McPhee SJ. Provider knowledge and practice regarding hepatitis B screening in Chinese-speaking patients. Journal of cancer education : the official journal of the American Association for Cancer Education 2007. PMID: 17570807

  38. Lai CJ, Aagaard E, Brandenburg S, Nadkarni M, Wei HG, Baron R. Brief report: Multiprogram evaluation of reading habits of primary care internal medicine residents on ambulatory rotations. Journal of general internal medicine 2006. PMID: 16704393

  39. Lai C, Julian K, Baron R. Teaching chronic disease management to interdisciplinary medical learners. Medical education 2005. PMID: 16262837

  40. Lai CJ, Terrault NA. Antiviral therapy in patients with chronic hepatitis B and cirrhosis. Gastroenterology clinics of North America 2004. PMID: 15324948