Louise Walter, MD
550 16th. Street
San Francisco, CA 94158
415-221-4810 ext. 23052
Dr. Walter was appointed Chief of the UCSF Division of Geriatrics in July 2013 after serving as interim division chief since August 2012.
Dr. Walter is a clinician-researcher who is a national leader in evaluating the real-world risks and benefits of cancer screening in older patients. Dr. Walter received her MD from Stanford University in 1995. She completed a residency in internal medicine and a fellowship in geriatrics at UCSF. Dr. Walter joined the UCSF faculty in July 2001, and she is a geriatrician at the San Francisco VA Medical Center.
Dr. Walter has transformed our approach to cancer screening in older adults. She has developed novel methodology demonstrating the fundamental importance of life expectancy rather than age in determining benefits and risks of screening. Virtually every cancer screening guideline cites her research. Further, her studies of older adults in poor health documented the extent to which screening can lead to clinical harm. Her approach also forms the basis for the management of other chronic diseases (e.g., diabetes) in older adults.
In addition, Dr. Walter led a series of seminal studies demonstrating decisions to screen older adults for cancer are often dictated more by age than health such that many patients in poor health continue to undergo screening while many healthy older patients fail to get screened. Also, she discovered that cancer screening frequently leads to significant harms without benefit in patients in poor health and developed a taxonomy and quantification of screening harms. This research changed national VA quality indicators and convinced California state auditors to abandon their mandatory mammography policy for health plans that care for frail elders.
Dr. Walter is Principal Investigator of a $2.5 million Geriatric Workforce Enhancement Program grant from HRSA and Principal Investigator of a K24 mentoring award from the National Institute on Aging. Dr. Walter is strongly committed to mentoring the next generation of clinical investigators as evidenced by her receipt of the 2010 UCSF Academic Senate Distinction in Mentoring Award (given annually to one Associate Professor who provides exceptional mentoring) and her receipt of the Society of General Internal Medicine's Research Mentor of the Year Award in 2013.
Dr. Walter is the Associate Director of the UCSF Clinical and Translational Science Institute Career Development (KL2) Program and Director of the San Francisco VA's Health Services Research and Development Program to Improve Care for Veterans with Complex Comorbid Conditions. She also is the Core Leader of the Research Career Development Core (RCDC) for the UCSF Pepper Center for Aging Research.
Awards and Honors
Elected into Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Medical Society, UCSF Medical Student Class of 2016, 2016
Outstanding Research Mentor of the Year, Society of General Internal Medicine, 2013
Elected into American Society for Clinical Investigation (ASCI), 2012
Academic Senate Distinction in Faculty Mentoring Award, UCSF, 2010
Outstanding Scientific Achievement for Clinical Investigation Award, American Geriatrics Society, 2009
Related Web Sites
In the News
- Elderly Prisoners Need Better Medical Care (Jun 14, 2012)
- Health, Prognosis Not Taken Into Account When Treating Older Lung Cancer Patients, Study Finds (May 01, 2012)
- Prostate Cancer Screenings at VA Hospitals Don't Follow Guidelines for Elderly, Study Says (Jan 10, 2012)
- Pursuit of Health Care Quality Standards May Harm the Elderly (Oct 04, 2011)
Recent Articles (88)
- Shi Y, Fung KZ, John Boscardin W, Ngo S, Freedland SJ, Wong ML, Walter LC. Individualizing PSA Monitoring Among Older Prostate Cancer Survivors. J Gen Intern Med. 2018 May; 33(5):602-604.
- Braithwaite D, Miglioretti DL, Zhu W, Demb J, Trentham-Dietz A, Sprague B, Tice JA, Onega T, Henderson LM, Buist DSM, Ziv E, Walter LC, Kerlikowske K. Family History and Breast Cancer Risk Among Older Women in the Breast Cancer Surveillance Consortium Cohort. JAMA Intern Med. 2018 Apr 01; 178(4):494-501.
- Suskind AM, Zhao S, Walter LC, Boscardin WJ, Finlayson E. Mortality and Functional Outcomes After Minor Urological Surgery in Nursing Home Residents: A National Study. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2018 Mar 23.
- Partin MR, Gravely AA, Burgess JF, Haggstrom DA, Lillie SE, Nelson DB, Nugent SM, Shaukat A, Sultan S, Walter LC, Burgess DJ. Contribution of patient, physician, and environmental factors to demographic and health variation in colonoscopy follow-up for abnormal colorectal cancer screening test results. Cancer. 2017 Sep 15; 123(18):3502-3512.
- Suskind AM, Quanstrom K, Zhao S, Bridge M, Walter LC, Neuhaus J, Finlayson E. Overactive Bladder Is Strongly Associated With Frailty in Older Individuals. Urology. 2017 Aug; 106:26-31.
- Pangilinan J, Quanstrom K, Bridge M, Walter LC, Finlayson E, Suskind AM. The Timed Up and Go Test as a Measure of Frailty in Urologic Practice. Urology. 2017 Aug; 106:32-38.
- Wong ML, Paul SM, Cooper BA, Dunn LB, Hammer MJ, Conley YP, Wright F, Levine JD, Walter LC, Cartwright F, Miaskowski C. Predictors of the multidimensional symptom experience of lung cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. Support Care Cancer. 2017 06; 25(6):1931-1939.
- Suskind AM, Jin C, Walter LC, Finlayson E. Frailty and the Role of Obliterative versus Reconstructive Surgery for Pelvic Organ Prolapse: A National Study. J Urol. 2017 Jun; 197(6):1502-1506.
- Suskind AM, Walter LC, Zhao S, Finlayson E. Functional Outcomes After Transurethral Resection of the Prostate in Nursing Home Residents. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2017 Apr; 65(4):699-703.
- Wong ML, McMurry TL, Stukenborg GJ, Francescatti AB, Amato-Martz C, Schumacher JR, Chang GJ, Greenberg CC, Winchester DP, McKellar DP, Walter LC, Kozower BD. Impact of age and comorbidity on treatment of non-small cell lung cancer recurrence following complete resection: A nationally representative cohort study. Lung Cancer. 2016 12; 102:108-117.
- VanderWalde N, Jagsi R, Dotan E, Baumgartner J, Browner IS, Burhenn P, Cohen HJ, Edil BH, Edwards B, Extermann M, Ganti AK, Gross C, Hubbard J, Keating NL, Korc-Grodzicki B, McKoy JM, Medeiros BC, Mrozek E, O'Connor T, Rugo HS, Rupper RW, Shepard D, Silliman RA, Stirewalt DL, Tew WP, Walter LC, Wildes T, Bergman MA, Sundar H, Hurria A. NCCN Guidelines Insights: Older Adult Oncology, Version 2.2016. J Natl Compr Canc Netw. 2016 11; 14(11):1357-1370.
- Ko MS, Fung KZ, Shi Y, Espaldon R, Shergill A, Walter LC. Barrett's Esophagus Commonly Diagnosed in Elderly Men with Limited Life Expectancy. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2016 Oct; 64(10):e109-e111.
- Suskind AM, Finlayson E, Walter LC. Author Reply. Urology. 2016 11; 97:32.
- Suskind AM, Jin C, Cooperberg MR, Finlayson E, Boscardin WJ, Sen S, Walter LC. Preoperative Frailty Is Associated With Discharge to Skilled or Assisted Living Facilities After Urologic Procedures of Varying Complexity. Urology. 2016 11; 97:25-32.
- MacKintosh FR, Sprenkle PC, Walter LC, Rawson L, Karnes RJ, Morrell CH, Kattan MW, Nawaf CB, Neville TB. Age and Prostate-Specific Antigen Level Prior to Diagnosis Predict Risk of Death from Prostate Cancer. Front Oncol. 2016; 6:157.
- Tang VL, Shi Y, Fung K, Tan J, Espaldon R, Sudore R, Wong ML, Walter LC. Clinician Factors Associated With Prostate-Specific Antigen Screening in Older Veterans With Limited Life Expectancy. JAMA Intern Med. 2016 05 01; 176(5):654-61.
- Breslau ES, Gorin SS, Edwards HM, Schonberg MA, Saiontz N, Walter LC. An Individualized Approach to Cancer Screening Decisions in Older Adults: A Multilevel Framework. J Gen Intern Med. 2016 May; 31(5):539-47.
- Braithwaite D, Walter LC, Izano M, Kerlikowske K. Benefits and Harms of Screening Mammography by Comorbidity and Age: A Qualitative Synthesis of Observational Studies and Decision Analyses. J Gen Intern Med. 2016 May; 31(5):561-72.
- Suskind AM, Walter LC, Jin C, Boscardin J, Sen S, Cooperberg MR, Finlayson E. Impact of frailty on complications in patients undergoing common urological procedures: a study from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement database. BJU Int. 2016 May; 117(5):836-42.
- Oeffinger KC, Fontham ET, Etzioni R, Herzig A, Michaelson JS, Shih YC, Walter LC, Church TR, Flowers CR, LaMonte SJ, Wolf AM, DeSantis C, Lortet-Tieulent J, Andrews K, Manassaram-Baptiste D, Saslow D, Smith RA, Brawley OW, Wender R. Breast Cancer Screening for Women at Average Risk: 2015 Guideline Update From the American Cancer Society. JAMA. 2015 Oct 20; 314(15):1599-614.
- Perissinotto CM, Walter LC. Capsule Commentary on Wolff, et al., A Look at Person- and Family-Centered Care Among Older Adults: Results from a National Survey. J Gen Intern Med. 2015 Oct; 30(10):1536.
- Duralde ER, Walter LC, Van Den Eeden SK, Nakagawa S, Subak LL, Brown JS, Thom DH, Huang AJ. Bridging the gap: determinants of undiagnosed or untreated urinary incontinence in women. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2016 Feb; 214(2):266.e1-266.e9.
- Hoffman RM, Shi Y, Freedland SJ, Keating NL, Walter LC. Treatment patterns for older veterans with localized prostate cancer. Cancer Epidemiol. 2015 Oct; 39(5):769-77.
- Lewis CL, Adams J, Tai-Seale M, Huang Q, Knowles SB, Nielsen ME, Pignone MP, Walter LC, Frosch DL. A Randomized Controlled Effectiveness Trial for PSA Screening Decision Support Interventions in Two Primary Care Settings. J Gen Intern Med. 2015 Jun; 30(6):810-6.
- Huang AJ, Gregorich SE, Kuppermann M, Nakagawa S, Van Den Eeden SK, Brown JS, Richter HE, Walter LC, Thom D, Stewart AL. Day-to-Day Impact of Vaginal Aging questionnaire: a multidimensional measure of the impact of vaginal symptoms on functioning and well-being in postmenopausal women. Menopause. 2015 Feb; 22(2):144-54.
- Hsu A, Nakagawa S, Walter LC, Van Den Eeden SK, Brown JS, Thom DH, Lee SJ, Huang AJ. The burden of nocturia among middle-aged and older women. Obstet Gynecol. 2015 Jan; 125(1):35-43.
- Partin MR, Burgess DJ, Burgess JF, Gravely A, Haggstrom D, Lillie SE, Nugent S, Powell AA, Shaukat A, Walter LC, Nelson DB. Organizational predictors of colonoscopy follow-up for positive fecal occult blood test results: an observational study. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2015 Feb; 24(2):422-34.
- Shi Y, Boscardin WJ, Walter LC. Reply: To PMID 25443902. Urology. 2014 Nov; 84(5):1065.
- Shi Y, Fung KZ, Freedland SJ, Hoffman RM, Tang VL, Walter LC. Statin medications are associated with a lower probability of having an abnormal screening prostate-specific antigen result. Urology. 2014 Nov; 84(5):1058-65.
- Lee SJ, Leipzig RM, Walter LC. Lag time to benefit for preventive therapies--reply. JAMA. 2014 Apr 16; 311(15):1567-8.
- Walter LC, Schonberg MA. Screening mammography in older women: a review. JAMA. 2014 Apr 02; 311(13):1336-47.
- Uhlig K, Leff B, Kent D, Dy S, Brunnhuber K, Burgers JS, Greenfield S, Guyatt G, High K, Leipzig R, Mulrow C, Schmader K, Schunemann H, Walter LC, Woodcock J, Boyd CM. A framework for crafting clinical practice guidelines that are relevant to the care and management of people with multimorbidity. J Gen Intern Med. 2014 Apr; 29(4):670-9.
- Espaldon R, Kirby KA, Fung KZ, Hoffman RM, Powell AA, Freedland SJ, Walter LC. Probability of an abnormal screening prostate-specific antigen result based on age, race, and prostate-specific antigen threshold. Urology. 2014 Mar; 83(3):599-605.
- Hurria A, Wildes T, Blair SL, Browner IS, Cohen HJ, Deshazo M, Dotan E, Edil BH, Extermann M, Ganti AK, Holmes HM, Jagsi R, Karlekar MB, Keating NL, Korc-Grodzicki B, McKoy JM, Medeiros BC, Mrozek E, O'Connor T, Rugo HS, Rupper RW, Silliman RA, Stirewalt DL, Tew WP, Walter LC, Weir AB, Bergman MA, Sundar H. Senior adult oncology, version 2.2014: clinical practice guidelines in oncology . J Natl Compr Canc Netw. 2014 Jan; 12(1):82-126.
- Lee SJ, Leipzig RM, Walter LC. Incorporating lag time to benefit into prevention decisions for older adults. JAMA. 2013 Dec 25; 310(24):2609-10.
- Smith AK, Walter LC, Miao Y, Boscardin WJ, Covinsky KE. Disability during the last two years of life. JAMA Intern Med. 2013 Sep 09; 173(16):1506-13.
- Linos E, Wehner MR, Frosch DL, Walter L, Chren MM. Patient-reported problems after office procedures. JAMA Intern Med. 2013 Jul 08; 173(13):1249-50.
- Walter LC, Fung KZ, Kirby KA, Shi Y, Espaldon R, O'Brien S, Freedland SJ, Powell AA, Hoffman RM. Five-year downstream outcomes following prostate-specific antigen screening in older men. JAMA Intern Med. 2013 May 27; 173(10):866-73.
- Schonberg MA, Walter LC. Talking about stopping cancer screening-not so easy. JAMA Intern Med. 2013 Apr 08; 173(7):532-3.
- Thai JN, Walter LC, Eng C, Smith AK. Every patient is an individual: clinicians balance individual factors when discussing prognosis with diverse frail elderly adults. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2013 Feb; 61(2):264-9.
- Wender R, Fontham ET, Barrera E, Colditz GA, Church TR, Ettinger DS, Etzioni R, Flowers CR, Gazelle GS, Kelsey DK, LaMonte SJ, Michaelson JS, Oeffinger KC, Shih YC, Sullivan DC, Travis W, Walter L, Wolf AM, Brawley OW, Smith RA. American Cancer Society lung cancer screening guidelines. CA Cancer J Clin. 2013 Mar-Apr; 63(2):107-17.
- Eckstrom E, Feeny DH, Walter LC, Perdue LA, Whitlock EP. Individualizing cancer screening in older adults: a narrative review and framework for future research. J Gen Intern Med. 2013 Feb; 28(2):292-8.
- Williams BA, Goodwin JS, Baillargeon J, Ahalt C, Walter LC. Addressing the aging crisis in U.S. criminal justice health care. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2012 Jun; 60(6):1150-6.
- Freedland SJ, Walter LC. 80 is the new 60: implications of irrational exuberance regarding longevity on prostate cancer treatment decisions. J Gen Intern Med. 2012 May; 27(5):485-6.
- Wang S, Wong ML, Hamilton N, Davoren JB, Jahan TM, Walter LC. Impact of age and comorbidity on non-small-cell lung cancer treatment in older veterans. J Clin Oncol. 2012 May 01; 30(13):1447-55.
- Hurria A, Browner IS, Cohen HJ, Denlinger CS, deShazo M, Extermann M, Ganti AK, Holland JC, Holmes HM, Karlekar MB, Keating NL, McKoy J, Medeiros BC, Mrozek E, O'Connor T, Petersdorf SH, Rugo HS, Silliman RA, Tew WP, Walter LC, Weir AB, Wildes T. Senior adult oncology. J Natl Compr Canc Netw. 2012 Feb; 10(2):162-209.
- Dinh TA, Alperin P, Walter LC, Smith R. Impact of comorbidity on colorectal cancer screening cost-effectiveness study in diabetic populations. J Gen Intern Med. 2012 Jun; 27(6):730-8.
- So C, Kirby KA, Mehta K, Hoffman RM, Powell AA, Freedland SJ, Sirovich B, Yano EM, Walter LC. Medical center characteristics associated with PSA screening in elderly veterans with limited life expectancy. J Gen Intern Med. 2012 Jun; 27(6):653-60.
- Walter LC. What is the right cancer screening rate for older adults. Arch Intern Med. 2011 Dec 12; 171(22):2037-9.
- Walter LC. Health services research is translational: lessons learned from VHA-funded research on cancer screening in older adults. Transl Behav Med. 2011 Dec; 1(4):548-50.
- Ahalt C, Walter LC, Yourman L, Eng C, Pérez-Stable EJ, Smith AK. "Knowing is better": preferences of diverse older adults for discussing prognosis. J Gen Intern Med. 2012 May; 27(5):568-75.
- Lee SJ, Walter LC. Quality indicators for older adults: preventing unintended harms. JAMA. 2011 Oct 05; 306(13):1481-2.
- Day LW, Kwon A, Inadomi JM, Walter LC, Somsouk M. Adverse events in older patients undergoing colonoscopy: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Gastrointest Endosc. 2011 Oct; 74(4):885-96.
- Pham AN, Datta SK, Weber TJ, Walter LC, Colón-Emeric CS. Cost-effectiveness of oral bisphosphonates for osteoporosis at different ages and levels of life expectancy. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2011 Sep; 59(9):1642-9.
- Huang AJ, Brown JS, Boyko EJ, Moore EE, Scholes D, Walter LC, Lin F, Vittinghoff E, Fihn SD. Clinical significance of postvoid residual volume in older ambulatory women. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2011 Aug; 59(8):1452-8.
- Mehta KM, Pierluissi E, Boscardin WJ, Kirby KA, Walter LC, Chren MM, Palmer RM, Counsell SR, Landefeld CS. A clinical index to stratify hospitalized older adults according to risk for new-onset disability. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2011 Jul; 59(7):1206-16.
- Kistler CE, Kirby KA, Lee D, Casadei MA, Walter LC. Long-term outcomes following positive fecal occult blood test results in older adults: benefits and burdens. Arch Intern Med. 2011 Aug 08; 171(15):1344-51.
- Day LW, Walter LC, Velayos F. Colorectal cancer screening and surveillance in the elderly patient. Am J Gastroenterol. 2011 Jul; 106(7):1197-206;quiz 1207.
- Carlson CM, Kirby KA, Casadei MA, Partin MR, Kistler CE, Walter LC. Lack of follow-up after fecal occult blood testing in older adults: inappropriate screening or failure to follow up? Arch Intern Med. 2011 Feb 14; 171(3):249-56.
- Kistler CE, Walter LC, Mitchell CM, Sloane PD. Patient perceptions of mistakes in ambulatory care. Arch Intern Med. 2010 Sep 13; 170(16):1480-7.
- Chang A, Walter LC. Recognizing dementia as a terminal illness in nursing home residents: Comment on "Survival and comfort after treatment of pneumonia in advanced dementia". Arch Intern Med. 2010 Jul 12; 170(13):1107-9.
- Mehta KM, Fung KZ, Kistler CE, Chang A, Walter LC. Impact of cognitive impairment on screening mammography use in older US women. Am J Public Health. 2010 Oct; 100(10):1917-23.
- Hoffman RM, Walter LC. Colorectal cancer screening in the elderly: the need for informed decision making. J Gen Intern Med. 2009 Dec; 24(12):1336-7.
- Kao H, Walter LC. Improvement of hospital care of elderly patients: thinking outside the (hospital) box: comment on "hospital at home for elderly patients with acute decompensation of chronic heart failure". Arch Intern Med. 2009 Sep 28; 169(17):1576-7.
- Williams BA, Baillargeon JG, Lindquist K, Walter LC, Covinsky KE, Whitson HE, Steinman MA. Medication prescribing practices for older prisoners in the Texas prison system. Am J Public Health. 2010 Apr; 100(4):756-61.
- Williams BA, Lindquist K, Hill T, Baillargeon J, Mellow J, Greifinger R, Walter LC. Caregiving behind bars: correctional officer reports of disability in geriatric prisoners. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2009 Jul; 57(7):1286-92.
- Walter LC, Lindquist K, Nugent S, Schult T, Lee SJ, Casadei MA, Partin MR. Impact of age and comorbidity on colorectal cancer screening among older veterans. Ann Intern Med. 2009 Apr 07; 150(7):465-73.
- Schane RE, Walter LC, Dinno A, Covinsky KE, Woodruff PG. Prevalence and risk factors for depressive symptoms in persons with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. J Gen Intern Med. 2008 Nov; 23(11):1757-62.
- Williams BA, Lindquist K, Sudore RL, Covinsky KE, Walter LC. Screening mammography in older women. Effect of wealth and prognosis. Arch Intern Med. 2008 Mar 10; 168(5):514-20.
- Carey EC, Covinsky KE, Lui LY, Eng C, Sands LP, Walter LC. Prediction of mortality in community-living frail elderly people with long-term care needs. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2008 Jan; 56(1):68-75.
- Walter LC, Lewis CL. Maximizing informed cancer screening decisions. Arch Intern Med. 2007 Oct 22; 167(19):2027-8.
- O'Hare AM, Choi AI, Bertenthal D, Bacchetti P, Garg AX, Kaufman JS, Walter LC, Mehta KM, Steinman MA, Allon M, McClellan WM, Landefeld CS. Age affects outcomes in chronic kidney disease. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2007 Oct; 18(10):2758-65.
- Lee SJ, Moody-Ayers SY, Landefeld CS, Walter LC, Lindquist K, Segal MR, Covinsky KE. The relationship between self-rated health and mortality in older black and white Americans. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2007 Oct; 55(10):1624-9.
- Steinman MA, Maaravi Y, Walter LC, Hammerman-Rozenberg R, Stessman J. Evolution of medication use in Jerusalem elders: Results from the Jerusalem Longitudinal Study. Drugs Aging. 2007; 24(2):133-45.
- Walter LC, Bertenthal D, Lindquist K, Konety BR. PSA screening among elderly men with limited life expectancies. JAMA. 2006 Nov 15; 296(19):2336-42.
- Williams BA, Lindquist K, Moody-Ayers SY, Walter LC, Covinsky KE. Functional impairment, race, and family expectations of death. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2006 Nov; 54(11):1682-7.
- Gupta S, Vittinghoff E, Bertenthal D, Corley D, Shen H, Walter LC, McQuaid K. New-onset diabetes and pancreatic cancer. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2006 Nov; 4(11):1366-72; quiz 1301.
- Lewis CL, Kistler CE, Amick HR, Watson LC, Bynum DL, Walter LC, Pignone MP. Older adults' attitudes about continuing cancer screening later in life: a pilot study interviewing residents of two continuing care communities. BMC Geriatr. 2006 Aug 03; 6:10.
- Walter LC, Lindquist K, O'Hare AM, Johansen KL. Targeting screening mammography according to life expectancy among women undergoing dialysis. Arch Intern Med. 2006 Jun 12; 166(11):1203-8.
- Williams BA, Lindquist K, Sudore RL, Strupp HM, Willmott DJ, Walter LC. Being old and doing time: functional impairment and adverse experiences of geriatric female prisoners. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2006 Apr; 54(4):702-7.
- Kistler CE, Lewis CL, Amick HR, Bynum DL, Walter LC, Watson LC. Older adults' beliefs about physician-estimated life expectancy: a cross-sectional survey. BMC Fam Pract. 2006 Feb 11; 7:9.
- O'Hare AM, Bertenthal D, Covinsky KE, Landefeld CS, Sen S, Mehta K, Steinman MA, Borzecki A, Walter LC. Mortality risk stratification in chronic kidney disease: one size for all ages? J Am Soc Nephrol. 2006 Mar; 17(3):846-53.
- Walter LC, Lewis CL, Barton MB. Screening for colorectal, breast, and cervical cancer in the elderly: a review of the evidence. Am J Med. 2005 Oct; 118(10):1078-86.
- Carey EC, Walter LC, Lindquist K, Covinsky KE. Development and validation of a functional morbidity index to predict mortality in community-dwelling elders. J Gen Intern Med. 2004 Oct; 19(10):1027-33.
- Walter LC, Davidowitz NP, Heineken PA, Covinsky KE. Pitfalls of converting practice guidelines into quality measures: lessons learned from a VA performance measure. JAMA. 2004 May 26; 291(20):2466-70.
- Walter LC, Lindquist K, Covinsky KE. Relationship between health status and use of screening mammography and Papanicolaou smears among women older than 70 years of age. Ann Intern Med. 2004 May 04; 140(9):681-8.
- Walter LC, de Garmo P, Covinsky KE. Association of older age and female sex with inadequate reach of screening flexible sigmoidoscopy. Am J Med. 2004 Feb 01; 116(3):174-8.
- Walter LC, Lui LY, Eng C, Covinsky KE. Risk of hip fracture in disabled community-living older adults. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2003 Jan; 51(1):50-5.